Published: 2022-04-27

Prevalence of thyroid disorders in an out-patient department setting: a retrospective study

Krishneswari R. S., Navya Mariam Shaji, Balakrishna ar S. Maheshkum


Background: Disorders of the thyroid gland has become one of the most common endocrine diseases affecting the global population next to Diabetes Mellitus. Data available on the prevalence of thyroid disorders among Indian population is scanty. This study is aimed to investigate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in the local population visiting the endocrinology out-patient department of National Homoeopathy Research Institute in Mental Health, Kottayam.

Methods: This is a hospital based retrospective descriptive analysis carried out among the patients attended in the endocrinology out-patient department of National Homoeopathy Research Institute in Mental Health (NHRIMH), Kottayam. Patients with Thyroid disorders who seek treatment from the endocrinology OPD for a period of six months (January 2021 to June 2021) were selected for this retrospective analysis.

Results: Data were collected from the medical records department of NHRIMH and were analyzed based on the age, sex, different types of thyroid disorders and the medicines prescribed including potency.

Conclusions: Females are commonly affected with thyroid disorders and the common age group is between 40 and 49 years. The most common thyroid disorder encountered is hypothyoidism and the most common medicine used is ‘thyroidinum’.


Retrospective, Endocrinology, Thyroid disorders, Homoeopathy, Thyroidinum

Full Text:



Jailkhani R, Ramachandrayya SA, Patil VS. A hospital-based study of prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir state of India. Int J Public Health Res. 2015;4(2):151-4.

Deokar PG, Nagdeote AN, Lanje MJ, Basutkar DG. Prevalence of thyroid disorders in a tertiary care center. Int J Curr Res Rev. 2016;8(9):26.

Unnikrishnan AG, Menon UV. Thyroid disorders in India: An epidemiological perspective. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2011;15(2):S78.

Shahid MA, Ashraf MA, Sharma S. Physiology, thyroid hormone. Thyroid disorders. Int J Curr Res Rev. 2016;8(9):26.

Unnikrishnan AG, Kalra S, Sahay RK, Bantwal G, John M, Tewari N. Prevalence of hypothyroidism in adults: An epidemiological study in eight cities of India. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2013;17(4):647.

Lakshminarayana GR, Lakshminarayana SG, Sadanandan NP, Pramod M. Prevalence of thyroid dysfunction: Experience of a tertiary care centre in Kerala. Int J Med. 2016;4(1):12-8.

Bagcchi S. Hypothyroidism in India: more to be done. Lancet Diab Endocrinol. 2014;2(10):778.

Antony J, Celine TM, Chacko M. Spectrum of thyroid disorders: A retrospective study at a Medical college hospital. Thyroid Res Pract. 2014;11(2):55.

Shekhar S, Kumari S, Prasad A, Tripathy S. Prevalence of thyroid disorders in Rohtas district of Bihar: a hospital based study. J Med Sci Clin Res. 2018;6(4): 590-7.

Nimmy NJ, Aneesh PM, Narmadha MP, Udupi RH, Binu KM. A survey on the prevalence of thyroid disorder induced by demography and food habits in South Indian population. Indian J Pharm Practice. 2012;5(2):45-9.

Sharma P, Magar NT, Mahesh BK. Prevalence of thyroid disorder in residents of western region of Nepal. Int J Applied Sci Biotechnol. 2021;9(3):169-75.

Mahato RV, Jha B, Singh KP, Yadav BK, Shah SK, Lamsal M. Status of thyroid disorders in central nepal: a tertiary care hospital based study. Int J App Sci Biotechnol. 2015;3(1):119-22.

Sathishkumar V, Priyanka PS, Chandrahasan CM, Reshmy KR, Deepa GS. Homoeopathy for anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody titer in hashimoto’s thyroiditis-a clinical study. Ann Romanian Soc Cell Biol. 2021;6: 6494-501.

Boericke W. Boericke's new manual of Homoeopathic materia medica with repertory. 3rd ed. India: Jain Publishers; 2007:256-7.