Published: 2022-04-27

Assessment of nutrition and its effect on scholastic performance of school going children in rural field practice area of Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar, Rajasthan

Subhashree Das, Deepak Kumar Dubey, Srishti Kukreja, Lakhan Singh


Background: Health is a universal human need. School going children constitute one-fifth of the total population and are the future of the nation. The health supervision of school going children is necessary and can help identify the magnitude of morbidity and malnourishment in a community. Malnutrition is associated with significant morbidity, mortality and economic costs in developing countries. In most part of our country, the children in rural areas are nutritionally deprived and are prone to illnesses. A child who is undernourished owing to socioeconomic or other reasons is prone to get diseases and often misses classes and therefore may not perform well in the examinations. Objectives of current study were to assess the nutrition of children attending a government school in rural field practice area of Jhalawar Medical College and to study the association of nutritional status with scholastic performance.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among children studying in the Government School of Mandawar, Rajasthan. Demographic and socio-economic variables were obtained. Their nutritional status was calculated in terms of weight for height and weight for age and were assessed clinically for presence of any diseases. Attendance and grades were obtained from class teacher to assess the scholastic performance.

Results: Out of 122 students studied, based on the anthropometric measurements, dietary intake and physical examination, nutrition status was found good among 77 (63%) students and poor in 45 (37%) students. Students with good nutritional status are more likely to have good scholastic performance.

Conclusions: Nutrition impacts the attendance and grades of the students.


Children, Nutrition, Attendance, Grades, School performance

Full Text:



Population Composition. Available at: http://www. 9Chap2 2011.pdf. Accessed on 29 May 2020.

National Family Health Survey 4. State Fact Sheet Karnataka 2015 16. Available at: http://www.rchiips. org/nfhs/factsheet_NFHS 4.shtml. Accessed on 29 May 2020.

Park K. Park’s textbook of preventive and social medicine. 23rd ed. India: M/s Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers. 2015;608.

What is Malnutrition? Available at: http://www. Accessed on 29 May 2020.

Hygiene. Available at: topics/hygiene/en/. Accessed on 29 May 2020.

Wright CM, Parker L, Lamont D, Craft AW. Implications of childhood obesity for adult health: Findings from thousand families cohort study. BMJ. 2001;323:1280 4.

Sarkar M. Personal hygiene among primary school children living in a slum of Kolkata, India. J Prev Med Hyg. 2013;54:153 8.

Deb S, Dutta S, Dasgupta A, Misra R. Relationship of personal hygiene with nutrition and morbidity profile: A study among primary school children in South Kolkata. Indian J Community Med. 2010;35:280 4.

Rashmi M, Agrawal T. Prevalence of malnutrition and relationship with scholastic performance among primary and secondary school children in two select private schools in Bangalore rural district (India). Indian J Community Med. 2015;48:4 16.

Asghar SA, Gupta P, Srivastava MR, Srivastava JP, Zaidi ZH. Health status of primary school children: Study from a rural health block of Lucknow. Int J Community Med Public Heal. 2017;4:2498-501.

Dietary guidelines for Indians. Available at: Accessed on 29 May 2020.

Arasu S, Fathima FN, Raghu N, Vasnaik M, Mishael T, D’Souza R, et al. Nutritional status, hygiene level, morbidity profile, and their effect on scholastic performance among school children in two subcenter areas of a PHC in Anekal Taluk, Karnataka, India. Indian J Community Med. 2019;44:125-8.

Patel N, Gunjana G, Patel S, Thanvi R, Sathvara P, Joshi R. Nutrition and health status of school children in urban area of Ahmedabad, India: Comparison with Indian Council of Medical Research and body mass index standards. J Nat Sc Biol Med. 2015;6:372-7.