DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20221234

A study on knowledge of contraceptive usage and its determinants among married women in urban slum of Nalgonda district

Sandhya Gunda, Sushmitha Tirupathi, Balaraju Ratna, M. M. V. Prasada Sarma

Abstract


Background: India was the first country in the world to launch National Family Welfare Programme in 1951.Modern contraceptive use remains an important public health intervention to reduce maternal mortality, avert unintended pregnancies, and to control population explosion especially in developing countries. To determine the extent of knowledge, awareness and practices of contraceptive use among married women

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was done for a period of three months duration conducted among married women in reproductive age group of 15-49 years in urban slums of field practice area.

Results: Among eligible couple, those who want to avoid pregnancy, though they have knowledge and awareness (93.5%), Out of them only 21% of participants were using temporary methods. Most of them (37.4%) were opting for tubectomy. The source of information is mostly from health personnel (46.8%), followed by friends and family members 42%. Partner (38.7%) and “in-laws” (14.8%) consent, fear of side effects (29.6%), illiterates (31.6%) and low socio-economic status (47%) playing major role as barriers of acceptance of birth control methods.

Conclusions: The prevalence of contraceptive usage in our study was found to be 58.7%. In present study 41.2% women use no contraceptives which clearly indicate that awareness about contraceptives is not sufficient for its actual use in this community and extended efforts will be needed.


Keywords


Eligible couples, Contraceptives prevalence, Urban slums

Full Text:

PDF

References


National family welfare programme. Available at: http://pbhealth.gov.in/pdf/FW.pdf. Accessed on 20 April 2021.

Park K. Textbook of preventive and social medicine. 25th ed. Jabalpur, India: M/S Banarsidas Bhanot; 2019:531-5.

Suryakanta AH. Community Medicine with recent advances. 4th ed. India: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers; 2017.

Lavanya KS. A study on contraceptive knowledge, attitude and practice among reproductive age group women in a tertiary Institute. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014;2(2):577-80.

Koringa HT, Joshi KJ, Mehta JP. A study on various factors affecting family planning practices among eligible couples in urban slums of municipal corporation area in Jamnagar, Gujarat, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015;4:1675-80.

Velankar DH. Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding contraceptive methods of family planning in an urban community of Mumbai. Bombay Hosp J. 2009;51(2):149-54.

Kaware AC, Kamble NH, Mangulikar SK. Prevalence of usage of different contraceptive methods among married women of reproductive age in an urban slum area. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017;6:29-33.

Taklikar CS, More S, Kshirsagar V, Gode V. Prevalence of contraceptive practices in an urban slum of Pune city, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015;4:1772-77.

Borkar R, Meshram S, Chanda G. Correlates of contraceptive use among married women of reproductive age group in Adilabad District. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017;6(12):1665-9.

Hasan A, Nandeshwar AA, Srivastava DK, Khan AA. A study on prevalence of contraceptive use and its determinants among eligible couples in urban slums of Gorakhpur district. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5:4288-91.

Pal A, Mohan U, Idris MZ, Masood J. Study of Unmet need for family planning in married women of reproductive age group in Lucknow district. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2001.

Sawase GB, Salphale SN, Kumthekar SG, Kuril BM, Doibale MK. A cross sectional study of contraceptive prevalence and factors responsible for usage of different contraceptive methods in an urban slum area. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5:4363-7.

Kerketta S, Kumar A. Knowledge of family planning and current use of contraceptive methods among currently married women in Uttar Pradesh, India. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2015;2:449-55.

Gupta A, Roy TK, Sarker G, Banerjee B, Ghosh S, Pal R. Determinants of contraceptive practices among eligible couples of urban slum in Bankura District, West Bengal. J Family Med Prim Care. 2014;3(4):388-92.

Lakshmi MM, Neetha, Rai S. Contraceptive practices among reproductive age group of women in Hegde Medical College Hospital, Mangalore. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2013;2:39-46.

Prateek SS, Saurabh RS. Contraceptive practices adopted by women attending an urban health centre. African Health Sci. 2012;12(4):416-21.

Murarkar SK, Soundale SG. Epidemiological correlates of contraceptive prevalence in married women of reproductive age group in rural area. Nat J Commu Med. 2011;2(1):78-81.

Pal A, Mohan U, Idris MZ, Masood J. Study of Unmet need for family planning in married women of reproductive age group in Lucknow district. J Family Med Prim Care. 2001;23;451-9.