Published: 2022-04-27

The effect of characteristics and cool pack on reducing intensity of infustion pain in children in hospital

Mareta Akhriansyah, Raden Surahmat


Background: Intravenous therapy is a type of therapy that is mostly given to pediatric patients who are treated with infusion. Giving this therapy will cause discomfort to the child by inserting a needle into the child's blood vessel which can cause pain. So that syringes are generally feared/hated by children when hospitalized. Untreated pain can have a detrimental impact on children, including anxiety, difficulty sleeping, helplessness and hopelessness. So it is necessary to have complementary therapy with cool packs (cold compresses) is one of the nursing actions that can reduce pain by providing a local anaesthetic effect on the area to be inserted infusion. This study aims to study the effect of cool packs (cold compresses) on pain during infusion in children.

 Methods: This study uses a Quasy experiment design with a two group Posttest design approach. This study was conducted on children before infusion by giving cold compresses in the infusion area with an intervention group of 15 respondents and a control group of 15 respondents. Pain measurement using the face, legs, activity, cry and consolability (FLACC) scala observation sheet. Data analysis in this study used univariate and bivariate statistical tests using independent t-test. 

Results: The results showed that the average pain scale for the intervention group with the cool pack was 3.93 with a standard deviation of 1.033, while in the control group the pain intensity was 7.40 with a standard deviation of 1.242. So we get the effect of Cool Pack on the intervention group and control group with a P value of 0.000.

Conclusions: There is an effect of cool packs (cold compresses) on pain during infusion in children.


Pain, Infusion, Cool pack, Cold compress

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