Published: 2022-04-27

Impact of health education on knowledge, attitude and practices about menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls of a college in Vijayapura

Sadafara S. Janvekar, Chandrika R. Doddihal, Tanuja P. Pattankar


Background: Menstrual hygiene is an issue that is inadequately recognized. Lack of privacy and sanitation for the adolescent girls make them susceptible for physical and psychological problems especially during the days of menstruation. Education about menstrual hygiene is a vital aspect for the wellbeing of the adolescent girls.

Methods: Pre and post-test was done regarding the knowledge, attitude and practice of the Adolescent girls towards the menstrual hygiene.

Results: Total of 68 adolescent girls studying in Pre university were enrolled in the study which was conducted for the period of 5months from March to July 2019. Mean age of the participants was 16.5years. 89.7% were residents of Urban area. In our study, we found that they were not properly maintaining the menstrual hygiene. Only 88% of girls knew that menstruation is a physiologic process, 37% knew that menarche is caused by hormones. 85% of them used the pads during the menstruation but 15% disposed it unhygienically.

Conclusions: Embracing high quality menstrual hygiene will play an important role in prevention of reproductive Tract Infection, pelvic inflammatory diseases and Cancer of cervix among the women population. Therefore, endorsing positive approach towards management of menstruation and related problems among the adolescents is the need of the hour.


Menstruation, Adolescents, Hygiene

Full Text:



Yasmin S, Nirmalya Manna N. Menstrual hygiene among adolescent school students: An in-depth cross-sectional study in an urban community of WestBengal, India. IOSR. 2013;5(6):22-6.

Sharma R, Negi S, Kunj D, Sharma V, Vardha. Menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls. Indian J Comm Health. 2015;27(3):376‐80.

Paul D. A Report of an ICMR Funded Research Project: Knowledge and Practices of Adolescent Girls Regarding Reproductive Health with special Emphasis on Hygiene during Menstruation. New Delhi. National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development (NIPCCD). 2007.

Sommer M, Sahin M. Overcoming the taboo: advancing the global agenda for menstrual hygiene management for schoolgirls. Am J Public Health. 2013;103:1556-9.

Fehintola FO, Fehintola AO, Idowu A, Aremu AO, Ogunlaja OA, Ogunlaja IP. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice about menstruation and menstrual hygiene among secondary high school girls in Ogbomoso, Oyo state, Nigeria. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2017;6:1726-32.

Purva S. A study of knowledge, attitude, and practices of menstrual health among adolescent school girls in urban field practice area of medical college. Tumkur ???

Seenivasan P, Priya KC, Rajeswari C, Akshaya CC, Sabharritha G, Sowmya KR, Banu S. Knowledge, attitude and practices related to menstruation among adolescent girls in Chennai. J Clin Sci Res. 2016;5:164-70.

Bhatt MD, Kadam DM. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls in a rural private school. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2020;7:236-42.

Yadav RN, Joshi S, Poudel R, Pandeya P. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice on Menstrual Hygiene Management among School Adolescents. J Nepal Health Res Counc. 2017;15(37):212-6.