Knowledge, attitude and practice towards COVID 19 among the rural community: a cross sectional study during outbreak

Manuja L. M., Raghavendera S. K., Ramya M. P.


Background: Corona virus disease 19 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by newly discovered corona virus. In order to reduce the cases of COVID-19, it is important to practice strict control measures. People adherence to control measures is affected by their knowledge, attitude and practices towards COVID-19. Hence, this study was conducted with an objective to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards COVID-19 in the rural community in the vicinity of Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS), B.G. Nagar.

Methods: This cross sectional study was carried out among 572 households in the rural field practice area of AIMS, B. G. Nagar for a period of 3 months. Personal interview of the households was done using pretested semi structured questionnaire after obtaining the consent. Data was entered in MS Excel and descriptive statistical measures like percentage, mean, and standard deviations were calculated.

Results: Among 572 households, more than half (53.9%) of the interviewed subjects were less than 40 years old. Majority, 94.6% of the respondents responded correctly that the spread of the disease is by close contact with an infected person and respiratory droplets, 96.2% knew correctly the early sign/s of COVID-19. 94.2% of them had the confidence that the world will win the battle against COVID-19. Most (98%) of the study subjects were taking proper preventive measures while leaving home.

Conclusions: Majority of the study participants exhibited good knowledge, favorable attitude, and sensible practices regarding COVID-19. This good knowledge of the study population towards COVID-19 was mainly due to wide awareness created by the Government through various social media.


Attitude, COVID 19, Knowledge, Practices

Full Text:



Corona virus disease (COVID-19) overview. European Centre for disease prevention and control. Available at Accessed on 10 June 2020.

World Health Organization. Corona virus -overview. Available at Accessed on 12 June 2020.

Centre for disease control and prevention. Corona virus Disease 2019. Testing for COVID-19. Available at: Accessed on 10 June 2020.

Corona virus in India: latest map and case count. Available at Accessed on 10 June 2020.

World Health Organization. Advise for public-Corona virus disease (COVID-19). Available at for- public. Accessed on 11 June 2020.

The World Health Organization Q&A on corona viruses (COVID19) (2020). Available at Accessed on 16 June 2020.

WHO Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19. 2020. Available at Accessed on 14 June 2020.

Baud, D, Qi, X, Saines, K. Real estimates of mortality following COVID-19 infection. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2020;16:3019-26.

Tomar BS, Singh P, Suman S, Raj P, Nathiya D. Indian community’s knowledge, attitude and practice towards COVID-19. MedRxiv. 2020;1-20

WHO. Infection prevention and control of Epidemic-and Pandemic-Prone acute respiratory infections in health care. Available at Accessed on 14 June 2020.

Azlan AA, Hamzah MR, Sern TJ, Ayub SH, Mohamad E. Public knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19: A cross-sectional study in Malaysia. PLoS ONE. 2008;15(5):e0233668.