Equity and disparity in somatotype characteristics of Muslim women of two different places with similar socio-economic but different socio-cultural practice

Anup Adhikari, Puja Pathak, Keya Dash


Background: Somatotype characteristics of 76 muslim women of same socio-economic status were studied from two slum areas of two different places, one in a metropolitan city and one in a suburban area in West Bengal. Women were selected on convenient way from two slum areas, one in Kolkata, the metropolitan city and one in Contai, suburban town of Medinipur district of West Bengal.

Methods: Anthropometric measurement were taken for somatotyping. All measurements for each subject was taken in the same day to avoid Technical Error of Measurement (TEM).

Results: All women were aged in between 22 and 38 year. Average height for the muslim women from Kolkata slum area was 150.7 (±3.5) cm and that of Contai was 151.6 (±6.5) cm. Average body weight of the muslim women form the Kolkata slum area was 59.7 (±6.0) kg whereas that of Contai slum area was 55.3 (±11.6) kg. The body type of Muslim women from Kolkata slum area was Mesomorphic Endomorph and that of Contai slum area was also Mesomorphic Endomorph. But the endomorph component of Muslim women from Kolkata slum area was 6.4 (±0.5) which was significantly higher from 5.9 (±0.8) Endomorph component of women from Contai slum area. Similarly mesomorph component of Muslim women from Contai slum area was 3.9(±0.8) which was significantly higher than 3.5(±0.4) mesomorph component of Muslim women from Kolkata slum area. No significant difference was observed in Ectomorph components which were 1.7 (±0.9) and 1.5 (±.09) for Kolkata and Contai respectively.

Conclusions: Disparity was found in weight, endomorphy and mesomorphy but equity was found in height and ectomorphy. Equity in height and ectomorphy were due to same ethnical group but disparity in body weight, fattiness and muscularity were due to socio-cultural differences of two places where they live.



Adiposity, Muslim women, Somatotype, Socio-culture

Full Text:



Heath BH, Carter JEL. A modified somatotype method. Am J Physical Anthropol. 1967;27:57-74.

ISAK. International Standards for Anthropometric Assessment, ISAK manual. Stewart A, Marfell-Jones M, Olds T, de Ridder H. eds. International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK), Lower Hutt, New Zealand. 2011:69-109.

Carter JEL. Heath-Carter Anthropometric Somatotype - Instruction manual, Anthropometry Illustrated, edited by Ross, Carr and Carter, 1999, in association with TeP and Rosscraft, Surrey, Canada. 2002

Carter JEL, Heath BH. Somato typing developments and applications. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. 1990;182-197.

Kuppuswamy B. Manual of socioeconomic status (urban). 1st ed. Delhi: Manasayan. 1981:66-72.

Shaikh Z, Pathak R. Revised Kuppuswamy and B G Prasad socio-economic scales for 2016, Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4(4):997-9.

Bhuiya A, Mostafa GB. Levels and differentials in weight, height and body mass index among mothers in a rural area of Bangladesh. J Biosocial Sci. 1993;25(1):31-8.

Ahmed SM, Adams A, Chowdhury AM, Bhuiya A. Chronic energy deficiency in women from rural Bangladesh: some socioeconomic determinants. J Biosocial Sci. 1998;30(3):349-58.

Sett M, Sahu S. Anthropometric characteristics and evaluation of nutritional status amongst female brick field workers of the unorganized sectors of West Bengal, India. Homo. 2016;67(3):235-44.

Pathak P, Adhikari A. Body composition and nutritional status of bengali women migrated from bangladesh and living in the slums built near the railway tracks in West Bengal, India. Int J Sci Research Methodology. 2018;10(3):107-114.

Pathak P, Adhikari A. Anthropometric characteristics and somatotype of Bengali Women migrated from Bangladesh and Living in the Slum Areas near Railway Tracks in West Bengal. International Journal of Science and Research Methodology 2018; 10(3):230-236.

Dash K, Adhikari A. Nutritional status of adivasi santal women of urban areas in West Bengal, India. Int J Sci Res Methodology. 2018;9(3):20-9.

Adhikari A, Dash K. Somatotype of Santal Tribal Women of West Bengal in India. J Anthropological Survey India. 2020;69(1):93-101.