Combit response to COVID-19 pandemic in Odisha: future public health challenges and measures

Dharitri Swain, Vijay V. R., Hrushikesh Das, Alwin Issac, Shine Stephen, Jaison Jacob


COVID-19 is considered as a public health emergency of International concern (PHEIC) and thus a pandemic with an explosive increase rate of infection worldwide. The mobilization of resources to prevent and treat COVID-19 infections is unparalleled in the history of public health. Different measured has been adopted by the different state to fight against COVID-19. The preparedness level to control this pandemic has been rapid and unprecedented and made possible by the coordination between center and state govt. To minimize the infectivity and controlling the COVIID-19 disaster, Odisha was the first state to announce lockdown 2.0, following strict quarantine guidelines, community monitoring for home quarantine people, and extending care by establishing COVID hospital. This paper is based on a review of the preparedness strategy adopted in Odisha state govt. for controlling COVID-19.  The major objective was to review the recent preparedness level in the state of Odisha for maintaining a very low mortality rate and could be used as a model to deal with future challenges for effectively handling COVID-19.  We searched literature related to COVID -19 published between December 20, 2019, and August 31, 2020, in the website archive of the Ministry of health and family welfare Government of India and Odisha, journal repositories such as Google Scholar, Pub Med, Science Direct, etc.  We identified 35 studies that met the search criteria for inclusion in the review. The review would be useful for adopting a community preparedness and complication readiness model for effective management of COVID-19 cases. 


COVID-19, Pandemic, Odisha, Combit response, Preparedness, Public health

Full Text:



Wang C, Horby PW, Hayden FG, Gao GF. A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. Lancet. 2020;395(10223):470–3.

Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, Li X, Yang B, Song J, et al. A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China, 2019. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(8):727–33.

Jiang F, Deng L, Zhang L, Cai Y, Cheung CW, Xia Z. Review of the Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). J Gen Intern Med. 2020;35(5):1545–9.

COVID-19 Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) Global research and innovation forum Internet. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2020.

Coronavirus Outbreak in India - Internet. Available at: Accessed 20 october 2020.

Welfare M of H& F, Services DG of H, Division) (EMR. Advisory for Human Resource Management of COVID-19 Internet. 2020. Available at: Accessed on 09 September 2020.

How Odisha is Managing COVID-19 in Framework of Universal Health Coverage | NewsClick Internet. Available at: Accessed 06 October 2020.

Odisha’s COVID-19 Fatality Rate Third Lowest In The Country - ODISHA BYTES Internet.. Available at: Accessed 06 October 2020.

Coronavirus: Fatality Rate Declining, 5 States Account For 70% of Deaths in India, Says Health Ministry Internet.. Available at: Accessed 06 October 2020.

Asia S, Bill F, Gates M, Fund F. Odisha state tops in disaster risk index and best in disaster management, handling ongoing COVID-19 pandemic efficiently in India. 2020;5:0–5.

Circular M, Lockdown ON. Master circular on lockdown Contents 1. 2020;19:1–63.

States’ Responses to Covid-19 Pandemic in India: The Odisha Model | Society for the Study of Peace and Conflict Internet. Available at: Accessed 30 august 2020.

How Odisha is Managing COVID-19 in Framework of Universal Health Coverage | NewsClick Internet. Available at: Accessed on 29 august 2020.

ICMR Covid-19 Odisha | Internet. Available at: Accessed on 29 august 2020.

Health Department Internet. Available at: Accessed on 29 august 2020.

Rout P of O. Government of Odisha Press Release News-ID-IPR/COVID-19(Eng)/185/10-8-2020. Available at: Accessed on 29 august 2020.

Information & Public Relations Department, Government of Odisha Internet. Available at: Accessed on 29 April 2020.

Odisha state disaster management authority. COVID-19 Update Internet. Available at: Accessed on 30 August 2020.

Rout P. Odisha Government Press Release. Available at:News-ID-IPR/COVID-19(Eng)/295/28-8-2020. 2020. Accessed on 30 august 2020.

Bagchi SS, Sharma SH, Secretary P, Sanjay S, Singh K, Das GM, et al. Available at: " Stay Home, Stay Safe " " Stay Home, Stay Safe." 2020;(46). Accessed on 30 august 2020.

Chetterje P. Gaps in India’s preparedness for COVID-19 control. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020;3099(20):30300

The Lancet. India under COVID-19 lockdown. Lancet. 2020;395(10233):1315.