Perception of community medicine as a curriculum and career option among medical students
Keywords:Community medicines, Medical students, Perceptions, Attitudes, Career
Background: In India, medical curricula have not been kept up to date with changes in public health, demography, and health policies. Clinicians serve as role models for students in medical colleges, and CM is not seen as an appealing career option by students. Hence this study was designed to analyze the perceptions and attitudes of medical undergraduates towards the relevance of CM as a future career option.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was done in a Kasturba medical college, Manipal academy of higher education, located in Mangaluru, conducted especially for undergraduate medical students consisting of 440 medical students (MS) formulate this study population who belonged to different socio-demographic and regional backgrounds.
Results: This study on the perceptions of the MS in LCM as part of their MBBS syllabus and their preference for the subject as a career path. Out of 440 MS, the rate of response was 100%. Among them, 237 (53.8%) were male and 203 (46.2%) were female. In our study, 93.9% showed a positive attitude in gaining skills to understand the research in their period of CM postings, 89.7% suggested having an understanding of concepts in CM followed by preventive measures against diseases (86.6%), the real-life health issues of the community
Conclusions: The prime motive was a desire to pursue a career in clinical subjects, students must learn community medicine subjects as well, and they must be better informed about the chances were available for CM specialists to work with international, national and state healthcare organisations and research institutes.
MBBS colleges in India. Available at: https://www.nmc.org.in/information-desk/for-students-to-study-in-india/list-of-college-teaching-mbbs/. Accessed on 16 October 2021.
Garg BS. Teaching/Training and Practice of Public Health/PSM/Community Medicine. Indian J Commu Med. 2017;42(3):127-30.
Health coverage for India. Available at: http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/genrep/rep _uhc0812.pdf. Accessed on 16 October 2021.
Park K. Man and medicine: towards health for all. In: Park‟s textbook of preventive and social medicine. 24th ed. Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers; 2017:1-10.
Kumar R. Clinical practice in community medicine: challenges and opportunities. Indian J Commu Med. 2017;42(3):131-3.
Review of preventive and social medicine. Report of the expert group meeting. Available at: https://apps. who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/206329/B4482.pdf;sequence=1. Accessed on 20 October 2021.
Garg BS. Teaching/training and practice of public health/PSM/community medicine. Indian J Commu Med. 2017;42(3):127-30.
Khader Y, Al-Zoubi D, Amarin Z, Alkafagei A, Khasawneh M, Burgan S, et al. Factors affecting medical students in formulating their specialty preferences in Jordan. BMC Med Educ. 2008;8:32.
Rehman A, Rehman T, Shaikh MA, Yasmin H, Asif A, Kafil H. Pakistani medical students‟ specialty preference and the influencing factors. J Pak Med Assoc. 2011;61(7):713-8.
Rolfe IE, Pearson SA, Cleary EG, Gannon C. Attitudes towards community medicine: a comparison of students from traditional and community-oriented medical schools. Med Educ. 1999;33(8):606-11.
Critchley J, DeWitt DE, Khan MA, Liaw S. A required rural health module increases students‟ interest in rural health careers. Rural Remote Health. 2007;7(2):688.
Wright S, Wong A, Newill C. The impact of role models on medical students. J Gen Intern Med. 1997;12(1):53-6.
Chakrabarti R, Wardle K, Wright T. Approaching an undergraduate medical curriculum map: challenges and expectations. BMC Med Edu. 2021;21:341.
Murugavel J, Chellaiyan VG, Krishnamoorthy D. Attitude toward learning of community medicine: A cross-sectional study among medical school students. J Fam Med Prim Care. 2017;6(1):83.
Singh S, Pruthi S. Undergraduate medical research: tapping the untapped potential. Indian J Med Res. 2010;131:459-60.
Sadawarte MK, Kakeri MK, Nandanwar DY. Community medicine: perceptions among medical students and career preference: a cross sectional study. Int J Commu Med Public Health. 2017;4(12):4577-82.
Sharma D, Gupta V, Shah U, Saxena K, Mavli A, Singh U. A study on medical students‟ satisfaction and effectiveness of teaching methods in community medicine in a rural medical college at Anand, Gujarat with specific focus on non-classroom teaching. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016;5(10):2098.
Kar SS, Ramalingam A, Premarajan KC, Roy G. Do medical students prefer a career in community medicine?. Int J Prev Med. 2014;5(11):1468-74.
Singh G, Agarwal V, Misra SK. Analysis of medical students perception for community medicine as career option and subject. Indian J Commun Med. 2018;43(1):56-7.