DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20221519
Published: 2022-05-27

Impact of COVID-19 post lockdown on eating habits and lifestyle changes among university students in Bangladesh: a web based cross sectional study

Faysal Ahmed Imran, Mst Eshita Khatun

Abstract


Background: Since the confinement of the lockdown, universities transferred their teaching and learning activities in online as an all-out intention to prevent the transmission of the infection. This study aimed to determine the significant changes in food habits, physical activity, sleeping hours, shopping habits, Internet use time and mental status of the students and investigate the associations between variables.

Methods: The study participants were 307 Undergraduate students, between 18 and 25 years of age completed a structured questionnaire from January 3, 2022 to February 13, 2022. The questionnaire included demographic information of the students, questionnaire of dietary pattern, physical activity, sleep quality index, Shopping practice and Internet use time. Chi-square tests were used to associate the baseline information with lifestyle changes in post lockdown.

Results: The study reveals that 21.5% of respondents gained weight, 23.8% lost their weight and 41.7% controlled their weight. Eating of homemade food decreased after lockdown 76.5% and eating of restaurant food increased after lockdown 23.5%. A number of major meals 3-4 meals per day decreased after lockdown 61.9%. Physical exercise significantly increased after lockdown (p=0.001). Sleeping hours per day significantly decreased after lockdown (p=0.001), sleep quality was almost the same and energy level increased more in post lockdown. Respondents felt mentally tired after lockdown 60.9%. Respondents spending time on the Internet in chat rooms was 88.3%.

Conclusions: This study represents the significant impact on food habits, mental health, and daily routine of students after lockdown, suggesting that we should maintain a balanced diet, physical exercise to improve sleep quality and mental health.

 


Keywords


Eating habits, Lifestyle changes, Sleeping pattern, Chi-square test, COVID-19

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cucinotta D, Vanelli M. WHO declares COVID-19 a pandemic. Acta Biomed. 2020;91(1):157-60.

Dynamic Dashboard for Bangladesh. Fact sheet: COVID-19. Available at: https://dghs-dashboard.com/pages/covid 19.php. Accessed on 1 April 2022.

Puteikis K, Mameniškytė A, Mameniškienė R. Sleep quality, mental health and learning among high school students after reopening schools during the COVID-19 pandemic: results of a cross-sectional Online Survey. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022;19(5):2553.

Najmul H, Bao Y. Impact of e-Learning crack-up perception on psychological distress among college students during COVID-19 pandemic: a mediating role of fear of academic year loss. Child Youth Serv Rev. 2020;118(2020):105355.

Aucejo L, Esteban M. The impact of COVID-19 on student experiences and expectations: evidence from a survey. J Public Econom. 2020;191:104271.

Ferdous MZ, Islam MS, Sikder MT, Mosaddek ASM, Zegarra-Valdivia JA, Gozal D. Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 outbreak in Bangladesh: an online-based cross-sectional study. PLoS One. 2020;15(10):0239254.

Jalal SM, Beth MRM, Al-Hassan HJM, Alshealah NMJ. Body mass index, practice of physical activity and lifestyle of students during COVID-19 lockdown. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2021;14:1901-10.

Jia P, Zhang L, Yu W, Yu B, Liu M, Zhang D, et al. Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on activity patterns and weight status among youths in China: the COVID-19 impact on lifestyle change survey (COINLICS). Int J Obes (Lond). 2021;45(3):695-9.

Romero-Blanco C, Rodríguez-Almagro J, Onieva-Zafra MD, Parra-Fernández ML, Prado-Laguna MDC, Hernández-Martínez A. Physical activity and sedentary lifestyle in university students: changes during confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(18):6567.

Marelli S, Castelnuovo A, Somma A. Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on sleep quality in university students and administration staff. J Neurol. 2021;268(1):8-15.

Ferreira LR, Martino MM. Sleep patterns and fatigue of nursing students who work. Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2012;46(5):1178-83.

Fornés-Vives J, Garcia-Banda G, Frias-Navarro D, Rosales-Viladrich G. Coping, stress, and personality in Spanish nursing students: a longitudinal study. Nurse Educ Today. 2016;36:318-23.

Evans S, Alkan E, Bhangoo JK, Tenenbaum H, Ng-Knight T. Effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on mental health, wellbeing, sleep, and alcohol use in a UK student sample. Psychiatry Res. 2021;298:113819.

Desana K. Sleep quality during the COVID-19 pandemic: not one size fits all. Sleep Med. 2020;76(3):86-8.

Giovanis E, Ozdamar O. Implications of COVID-19: the effect of working from home on financial and mental well-being in the UK. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2021;5(2):45-9.

Huang X. How Chinese consumers are changing shopping habits in response to COVID-19. Telemed J E Health. 2020;23(1):357-8.

Blossom F. The impact of COVID-19 lockdown on internet use and escapism in adolescents. Revista de Psicología Clín Niñosy Adolesc. 2020;7(3):59-65.

Ismail L, Osaili TM, Mohamad MN, Al Marzouqi A, Jarrar AH, Jamous DO, et al. Eating habits and lifestyle during COVID-19 lockdown in the United Arab Emirates: a cross-sectional study. Nutrients. 2020;12(11):3314.

Silverio R, Gonçalves DC, Andrade MF, Seelaender M. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and nutritional status: the missing link? Adv Nutr. 2021;12(3):682-92.

Deschasaux-Tanguy M, Druesne-Pecollo N, Esseddik Y, Edelenyi FS, Allès B, Andreeva VA, et al. Diet and physical activity during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown (March-May 2020): results from the French NutriNet-Santé cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021;113(4):924-38.

Bhutani S, Cooper JA. COVID-19-related home confinement in adults: weight gain risks and opportunities. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020;28(9):1576-7.

Ammar A, Brach M, Trabelsi K, Chtourou H, Boukhris O, Masmoudi L, et al. Effects of COVID-19 home confinement on eating behaviour and physical activity: results of the ECLB-COVID19 International Online Survey. Nutrients. 2020;12(6):1583.

Jílková P, Králová P. Digital consumer behaviour and ecommerce trends during the COVID-19 crisis. Int Adv Eco Res. 2021;1-3.

Barnes SJ. Information management research and practice in the post-COVID-19 world. Int J Inf Manage. 2020;55:102175.

Rawat D, Dixit V, Gulati S, Gulati S, Gulati A. Impact of COVID-19 outbreak on lifestyle behaviour: a review of studies published in India. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2021;15(1):331-6.

Xiao H, Zhang Y, Kong D, Li S, Yang N. The effects of social support on sleep quality of medical staff treating patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in January and February 2020 in China. Med Sci Monit. 2020;26:923549.

Zhou X, Snoswell CL, Harding LE, Bambling M, Edirippulige S, Bai X, et al. The role of telehealth in reducing the mental health burden from COVID-19. Telemed J E Health. 2020;26(4):377-9.

Rosato V, Temple NJ, Vecchia C, Castellan G, Tavani A, Guercio V. Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Eur J Nutr. 2019; 58(1):173-91.

Ventriglio A, Sancassiani F, Contu MP. Mediterranean diet and its benefits on health and mental health: a literature review. Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health. 2020;16(1):156-64.

Ngamije J. The impact of Internet use during COVID-19 lockdown in Rwanda: a potential public health threat. J Addict Dis. 2021;39(3):417-20.