Published: 2022-05-27

Effectiveness of nurse-led educational intervention package on back pain and activity of daily living in primigravidae women with back pain

Ghanshyam Rakhecha, Himanshu Vyas, Shashank Shekhar, Nitesh M. Gonnade


Background: The primigravida women often have more complaints of back pain during pregnancy. Pregnant women reported that back pain might affect the activities of daily routine e.g. walking, climbing stairs, sitting, and women may expect help from family members.

Methods: A quasi-experimental study was directed on primigravidae women visiting antenatal outpatient department (OPD) of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Jodhpur. An absolute of 60 primigravidae women (30 in each experimental and control group) were incorporated through the non-probability consecutive sampling method.

Results: The pre-test score uncovered that the majority of the women (70%) in the experimental group and (60%) in the control group revealed moderate pain. The post-test score uncovered that (56.6%) in the experimental group detailed mild pain and 53.3% of women in the control group reported severe pain. When compared with the pre-test, the pain score of members in the experimental group was diminished and in the control group, the pain score was increased in post-test (p≤0.000). No critical contrast was found in the activity of daily living in the experimental and control group. For analysis, paired and unpaired t-test, x2, and Fisher exact tests were used.

Conclusions: The majority of primigravidae women had back pain during pregnancy and participants recognized prolong sitting as the most well-known aggravating factor. It was discovered that there was a significant distinction in pain scores between pre-test and post-test in the experimental and control group.


Level of back pain, Activity of daily living, Aggravating factor, Primigravidae, Nurse-led educational intervention package

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