Awareness and preparedness for disasters amongst residents in dry, hilly, and delta regions of Myanmar


  • Pa Pa Soe Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Medicine 2, Yangon, Myanmar
  • Thein Hlaing District Public Health Department, Pyay District, Bago Region, Myanmar
  • Zar Lwin Hnin Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Medicine, Mandalay, Myanmar



Disaster, Awareness, Preparedness, Residents in the disaster-affected regions


Background: Because of Myanmar's location, many residents are in disaster risk zones. This study aimed to explore the disaster-related awareness and preparedness of the residents from the dry, hilly, and delta regions.

Methods: This research was a survey design, a cross-sectional approach, and used a survey questionnaire. By applying the RCDP clusters and hazard profile, 13 (19%) villages from hilly, 100 (53%) villages from dry, and 27 (28%) villages from the delta region were proportionately and randomly selected. From which,1800 household heads were randomly culled. The data collected through the face-to-face interview were entered into EpiData and analyzed in STATA 15.

Results: All samples of residents were composed of 6.7% from hilly, 76.5% from dry, and 16.8% from the delta region. Residents of 72.4% and 71.5% (dry region), 54.3% and 53.4% (hilly region), and 88.6% and 87.6% (delta region) were aware of the types and associated risks of the common disasters, respectively. Regarding disaster preparedness, approximately one-third have prepared for evacuation, emergency response, disaster kits, safe areas (shelter), reconstruction/rehabilitation, about one-fifth for emergency response operations, risk assessment, and risk reduction planning, and less than 10% for capacity building, awareness-raising, and information management. More than 50% have planned for preparedness after returning homes. Overall, good awareness and preparedness proportions were 38.2% and 13.9%.

Conclusions: Overall, the three regions' disaster awareness and preparedness levels were unsatisfactory, which highlights that National Natural Disaster Management Committee should effectively apply the information media, provide training/advocacies and support safe community initiatives.


Myanmar: Disaster Management Reference Handbook. Available at: Accessed on 19 March 2022.

Myanmar: Tropical Cyclone Giri - Oct 2010. Available at: Accessed on 19 March 2022.

Myanmar: Natural disaster risks and past events. 2016. Available at: risks%20and%20past%20events_as%20of%2031May2016.pdf. Accessed on 19 March 2022.

Myanmar Humanitarian Update No. 10 (27 August 2021). Available at: Accessed on 19 March 2022.

Country Report Myanmar. Available at: Accessed on 19 March 2022.

Safapour E, and Kermanshachi S. Identification and categorization of factors affecting duration of post-disasterreconstruction of interdependent transportation systems." Proceedings of ASCE Construction Research Congress; US: 2020.

Rouhanizadeh B, Kermanshachi S and Dhamangaonkar VS. Identification and categorization of policy and legal barriers to long-term timely post- disaster reconstruction. J Legal Affair Disp Resol Engineer Construct. 2019.

Rogayan DV, Dollete LF. Disaster awareness and preparedness of Barrio community in Zambales, Philippines: Creating a baseline for curricular integration and extension program. Rev Int Geograph Edu. 2020;10(2):34-7.

Climate Change and Disaster Risk Assessment. Available at: linked-documents/51242-002-sd-07.pdf. Accessed on 19 March 2022.

Emergency Support for Chin State Livelihood Restoration Project in Myanmar. 2020. Available at: Accessed on 19 March 2022.

Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey in Myanmar (2009-2010). Myanmar: ministry of national planning and economic development/UNICEF/ Swedish. Available at: Accessed on 19 March 2022.

Rezaldi MY, Kadir RA, Ijab MT, Ahmad A. Disaster Information Media in ASEAN countries: a paired comparison method. Malaysian J Commu. 2020;36(1): 334-55.

Adila I, Dewi WWA, Tamitiadini D, Syauki WR. Disaster mitigation action Plan: Digital media on improving accountability and community relationships. IOP. 2017;70:1-9.

Bourgoin J, Castella JC, Pullar D, Lestrelin G, Bouahom B. Toward a Land Zoning negotiation support platform: Tips and Trick for participatory land-use planning in Laos. Landscape Urban Plan. 2012; 104(2):270-8.

Li X, Wang X, Babovic V. Analysis of variability and trends of precipitation extremes in Singapore during 1980-2013. Int J Climatol. 2018;38(1):125-41.

Aye TH, Zin WW, Maung UT. Development of flood inundation map for Bago River Basin. Int J Innovat Res Multidiscip Field. 2017;3(1):1-6.

Emergency Response Preparedness Plan (ERPP), Myanmar. Yangon, Myanmar: OCHA, 2014. Available at: Accessed on 19 March 2022.

Heinkel SB, Thiebes B, Than ZM, Aung T, Kyi TT, Mar WL, et al. Disaster Preparedness and Resilience at HouseholdLevel in Yangon, Myanmar. Res Square. 2021.

Bollettina V, Alcayna-Stevens T, Sharma M, Dy P, Pham P, Vinck P. Public perception of climate change and disaster preparedness: Evidence from the Philippines. Climate Risk Management, 2020. Available at: 100250. Accessed on 19 March 2022.




How to Cite

Soe, P. P., Hlaing, T., & Hnin, Z. L. (2022). Awareness and preparedness for disasters amongst residents in dry, hilly, and delta regions of Myanmar. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 9(6), 2385–2395.



Original Research Articles