Clinico-epidemiological study of burn patients admitted in a tertiary care hospital of Solapur, Western Maharashtra
Keywords:Cross-sectional, Record based, Epidemiological, Burns, Mortality, Total body surface area
Background: Burn injuries constitute a major public health problem and account for a significant cause of high mortality and morbidity amongst the Indian population. This results in heavy social, economic and clinical burden to the nation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the demographic and clinical profile of burns patients admitted in a tertiary care center and to study the socio-demographic and clinical profile of burn patients and to assess the outcome of burn patients.
Methods: Hospital based descriptive study with cross sectional design was done using the records of all burn patients admitted in burn ward of surgery department during 1st January 2019 to December 31st 2019.
Results: Burn injuries were most common in the age group of 41-60 years. The male to female ratio was 0.65: 1. Most of the burn incident took place in rural area (73%) and rest (27%) in urban area. Most of the mode of burn injury (88.7%) were accidental burns, 8.2% had alleged history of suicide and in rest 3.1% homicide was suspected. Mortality ratio was 33.30% and 66.70% of patients got discharged from the hospital. A higher TBSA involvement is statistically associated with an increased risk of mortality (p<0.05).
Conclusions: The prevention strategies for burns should address the hazards of specific burn injuries, awareness education for vulnerable population and targeted first aid training. The burn units should be established well to reduce the mortality.
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