DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20220848
Published: 2022-03-25

Knowledge, attitude and preventive behaviours regarding COVID-19 infection among medical students of Solapur, Maharashtra

P. S. Nithes Ram, Santosh Haralkar, Abhishek Gawande, Akhil Soni

Abstract


Background: It is important for medical students to know about COVID-19 in order for them to be a well-versed future health workers.  The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 infection among medical students at government medical college in western Maharashtra. To study the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 infection among medical students and to find the association between KAP levels and demographic variables.

Methods: An observational descriptive study with cross sectional design was conducted during July 2021 on 400 Under Graduate medical students of a Government medical college.

Results: Out of 400 students 53%- female (212); 47%- male (188). Most of the students belong to Hindu religion 86.75% (347), rest Muslim 39 (9.75%), Christians 14 (3.5%). Overall, 92%, 81%, 90.5% of surveyed medical students had adequate knowledge, attitude and practice towards COVID 19 pandemic respectively.

Conclusions: In our study, students exhibited good knowledge, positive attitude, and sensible practices regarding COVID-19. Such KAP studies should be conducted across other medical college and we should educate our medical students so that we can use the help of medical students for management of mild covid cases if manpower crisis occurs.


Keywords


COVID 19, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Medical student, Western Maharashtra

Full Text:

PDF

References


Hui DS, I Azhar E, Madani TA, Ntoumi F, Kock R, Dar O, et al. The continuing 2019-nCoV epidemic threat of novel coronaviruses to global health - The latest 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China. Int J Infect Dis. 2020;91:264-6.

WHO. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Situation report-194. World Health Organization, 2020. Available at: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/ coronaviruse/situation-reports/. Accessed on 13 February 2022.

Worldometer. Covid-19 Coronavirus pandemic, 2020. Available at: https://www.worldometers. info/coronavi. Accessed on 13 February 2022.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Covid-19, India. Available at: https://www.mohfw.gov.in. Accessed on 13 February 2022.

Guo YR, Cao QD, Hong ZS, Tan YY, Chen SD, Jin HJ, et al. The origin, transmission and clinical therapies on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak - an update on the status. Mil Med Res. 2020;7(1):11.

Singhal T. A Review of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). Indian J Pediatr. 2020;87(4):281-6.

Kalliath JD, Kizhatil A, Rose BM, Kuncheria AM, John A. Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 pandemic among medical students of Ernakulam, India. jidhealth. 2021. 14;4(1):337-42.

Maheshwari S, Gupta PK, Sinha R, Rawat P. Knowledge, attitude, and practice towards coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among medical students: A cross-sectional study. J Acute Dis. 2020;9:1004

Huynh G, Nguyen TNH, Tran VK, Vo KN, Vo VT, Pham LA. Knowledge and attitude toward COVID-19 among healthcare workers at District Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2020;13.

Park K. Park’s Textbook of Preventive Medicine. 25th ed. Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bhanot; 2019: 740.

Krishna C, Menon SS. Knowledge Attitude and Practice Related to COVID-19 among Medical Students of a Rural Medical College in Tumkur, Karnataka. Ann Community Health. 2021;9(1):63-8.

Peng Y, Pei C, Zheng Y, Wang J, Zhang K, Zheng Z, et al. A cross-sectional survey of knowledge, attitude and practice associated with COVID-19 among undergraduate students in China. BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):1292.

Taghrir MH, Borazjani R, Shiraly R. COVID-19 and Iranian Medical Students; A Survey on Their Related-Knowledge, Preventive Behaviors and Risk Perception. Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(4):249-54.

Zhong BL, Luo W, Li HM, Zhang QQ, Liu XG, Li WT, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J Biol Sci. 2020;16(10):1745-52.

Shi Y, Wang J, Yang Y, Wang Z, Wang G, Hashimoto K, et al. Knowledge and attitudes of medical staff in Chinese psychiatric hospitals regarding COVID-19. Brain Behav Immun Health. 2020;4:100064.