Effectiveness of communication board on the communication pattern among aphasic patients

Lovepreet kaur, Sangeeta Sharma


Background: Aphasia is a language disorder that affects a person’s ability to communicate   and Inability to produce language, pronounce the sentences and Inability to speak spontaneously. Communication has always been a primary need of human beings. Communication boards generally include the letters of the alphabet, common words or phrases and pictures of common items and/or actions.

Methods: The pre experimental design was used in the study and 30 aphasic patients were selected through non probability purposive sampling technique. Observational rating scale was used to evaluate the communication pattern of aphasic patients. Data was analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: In pretest majority of aphasic patients that is 90% have poor communication pattern and 10% of aphasic patients have moderate communication pattern. In posttest 46.7% aphasic patients were having good communication pattern 43.3% were having moderate communication pattern and 10% were having poor communication pattern. The mean±SD in pretest was 1.1000±0.30513 and for posttest was 2.3667±0.66868 and having mean difference of -1.26667. The p value was significant as p<0.05. There was no association between age, gender, religion, educational status and occupation at 0.05 level of significance.

Conclusions: This study concludes that the communication board was effective in significant improvement of communication pattern in posttest. The improvement in communication pattern will help to facilitate communication among aphasic patients. Thus current study encourages the utilization of communication board among aphasic patients to enhance their communication pattern.


Aphasia, Communication board, Communication pattern, Effectiveness

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