Published: 2022-03-25

Analytical cross sectional study on association of dietary habits with overweight and obesity among adolescents

Najnin Khanam, Abhay Gaidhane, Gopal P. Soni, Sonali Choudhari, Indu Padmey, Quazi S. Zahiruddin


Background: India with around 1.2 billion people is the world’s second most populous country and is recently facing rapid epidemiological transition. Under nutrition because of poverty which ruled in the past is being rapidly replaced by overweight and obesity.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was done among school going Adolescents. Sample size was 309. Questionnaire of Global School Health Survey (core questionnaire of site specific) was used. The independents variables were dietary habits like eating fruits, vegetables, fast food, dairy products, bakery products, sweets, chocolates and carbonated soft drinks whereas the dependent variables were overweight and obesity.

Results: The 53 (17.15%) of the students were having overweight and 22 (07.12%) of them were obese. No association observed between dietary habits like locally available fruits and vegetables with overweight and obesity. Significant association observed between dietary habits like fast food, dairy products, bakery products, sweets, chocolates and carbonated soft drinks with overweight and obesity.

Conclusions: Unhealthy dietary habits had noticeable impact on prevalence of overweight and obesity among school going adolescents.


Adolescents, Obesity, Overweight, Dietary habits

Full Text:



World population prospects: the 2015 revision. Available at: desa/publications/world-population-prospects-2015-revision.html Accessed on 20 October 2021.

WHO adolescent development. Available at: http:// adolescent/topics/adol-escence/dev/en/. Accessed on 20 October 2021.

Definition of Obese. Available at: https://www. Accessed on 20 October 2021.

Daniel WW, Cross CL. Biostatistics: A foundation for analysis in the health sciences, 10th ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 2013:192.

Patnaik L, Pattanaik S, Sahu T, Rao EV. Overweight and obesity among adolescents: A comparative study between government and private schools. Indian Pediatr. 2015;52(9):779-81

GSHS questionnaire. Available at: chrome.0.69i59j69i60j69i57j69i60j69i65j69i60.4607j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8. Accessed on 20 October 2021.

Defining Childhood Obesity, Overweight & Obesity. Available at: defining.html. Accessed on 20 October 2021.

Daradkeh G, Muhannadi AA, Fadlalla A, Hajr MA. Dietary Habits and Intakes Associated with Obesity and Overweight among Adolescents in the State of Qatar. J Nutr Disord Ther. 2015;5:1-5.

Chan YY, Lim KK, Lim KH, Teh CH, Kee CC, Cheong SM, et al. Physical activity and overweight/obesity among Malaysian adults: findings from the 2015 National Health and morbidity survey (NHMS). BMC Public Health. 2017;4:89-95.

Vilchis-Gil J, Galván-Portillo M, Klünder-Klünder M, Cruz M, Flores-Huerta S. Food habits, physical activities and sedentary lifestyles of eutrophic and obese school children: a case–control study. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:52-8.

Desalew A, Mandesh A, Semahegn A. Childhood overweight, obesity and associated factors among primary school children in dire dawa, eastern Ethiopia; a cross-sectional study. BMC Obes. 2017; 4:34-8.

Al-Kutbe R, Payne A, de Looy A, Rees GA. A comparison of nutritional intake and daily physical activity of girls aged 8-11 years old in Makkah, Saudi Arabia according to weight status. BMC Public Health. 2017;17:31-9.

Smetanina N, Albaviciute E, Babinska V, Karinauskiene L, Albertsson-Wikland K, Petrauskiene A, et al. Prevalence of overweight/obesity in relation to dietary habits and lifestyle among 7-17 years old children and adolescents in Lithuania. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:1001.

Zhang T, Cai L, Ma L, Jing J, Chen Y, Ma J. The prevalence of obesity and influence of early life and behavioral factors on obesity in Chinese children in Guangzhou. BMC Public Health. 2016;16(1):30-7.