DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20220672
Published: 2022-02-28

Effect of face mask use on hearing impaired adult patients

Tanvir Hussain, Anish Patil, Khalid Munir, Marcus Choo

Abstract


Background: In many countries, the increased use of face masks and other face coverings has been adopted as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The world health organization has given guidance that encourages the use of face masks in public settings as well as in settings where it is not possible to observe physical distancing.

Methods: This research project was carried out from August 2021 to November 2021 in the ENT Department of Sligo University Hospital. The 100 patients with hearing impairment were randomly sampled from patients seeking health care services in the ENT clinic. Patients with normal hearing were excluded from the study. Data was collected with the help of questionnaire. The collected data was pre-coded for entry in SPSS and analyzed.

Results: The respondents comprised 55 females and 45 males. Majority (80%) of the respondents generally agreed that the use of face masks has a negative impact on communication and hearing, especially for patients with hearing impairment. 60% of respondents agree that the use of clear masks may provide the option to lip-read. 80% of respondents agree that the use of face masks has a negative impact on communication and 50% of respondents agree that poor communication is likely to result in patient dissatisfaction.

Conclusions: It was evident that most hearing-impaired patients are aware of the importance of facial expression in communication and most rely heavily on lip reading in addition to other facial features.


Keywords


Adult patients effect, Face mask, Hearing, Impaired, Usage

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organisation. 2020. Advice on the Use of Masks in the Context of COVID-19. Interim guidance 5. WHO Reference Number: WHO/2019-nCov/IPC_Masks/2020.4. https://www.who.int/publi cations/i/item/advice-on-the-use-of-masks-in-the-community-during-home-careand-in-healthcare-settings-in-the-context-of-the-novel-coronavirus-(2019-ncov)-outbreak. Accessed on 20 January 2021.

Asadi SCD, Barreda CS, Wexler AS, Bouvier NM, Ristenpart WD. Efficacy of Masks and Face Coverings in Controlling Outward Aerosol Particle Emission from Expiratory activities. Sci Rep. 2020;10(1):15665.

Lohler J, Walther LE, Hansen F. The prevalence of hearing loss and use of hearing aids among adults in Germany: a systematic review. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2019;276(4):945-56.

Picou EM, Ricketts TA, Hornsby BW. How hearing aids, background noise, and visual cues influence objective listening effort. Ear Hear. 2013;34(5):e52-64.

Manchaiah VK, Stephens D, Meredith R. The patient journey of adults with hearing impairment: the patients’ views. Clin Otolaryngol. 2011;36(3):227-34.

McKee M, Moran C, Zazove P. Overcoming additional barriers to care for deaf and hard of hearing patients during COVID-19. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(9):781-2.

Ebert DA, Heckerling PS. Communication with deaf patients. Knowledge, beliefs, and practices of physicians. JAMA. 1995;273(3):227-9.

Dickson M, Magowan R, Magowan R. Meeting deaf patients’ communication needs. Nurs Times. 2014;110(49):12-5.

Corey RM, Jones U, Singer AC. Acoustic effects of medical, cloth, and transparent face masks on speech signals. J Acoust Soc Am. 2020;148(4):2371.

Newton VE, Shah SR. Improving communication with patients with a hearing impairment. Community Eye Health. 2013;26(81):6-7.

Laur A. Healthcare access for deaf patients-the legal and ethical perspectives. Med-Leg J. 2018;86(1):36-41.

Vermeir P, Vandijck D, Degroote S. Communication in healthcare: a narrative review of the literature and practical recommendations. Int J Clin Pract. 2015;69(11):1257-67.

Crume B. The silence behind the mask: my journey as a deaf paediatric resident amid a pandemic. Acad Pediatr. 2021;21(1):1-2.

Atcherson SR, Mendel LL, Baltimore WJ, Patro C, Lee S, Pousson M, Spann MJ. The effect of conventional and transparent surgical masks on speech understanding in individuals with and without hearing loss. J Am Academy Audiol. 2017;28(01):058-67.

Ten Hulzen RD, Fabry DA. Impact of hearing loss and universal face masking in the COVID-19 era. In Mayo Clin Proceedings. 2020;95(10):2069-72.

Goldin A, Weinstein B, Shiman N. Speech blocked by surgical masks becomes a more important issue in the era of COVID-19. Hearing Review. 2020;27(5):8-9.