Published: 2022-03-25

Epidemiological profile of patients with urolithiasis in a tertiary care center of Eastern Nepal: a retrospective cross-sectional study

Nimesh Lageju, Durga Neupane, Awaj Kafle, Harsh Kumar


Background: This study is aimed to estimate descriptive statistics of socio-demographic and clinical profile of patients with urolithiasis visiting urology division, Department of Surgery of BPKIHS.

Methods: This is a retrospective study. A total of 409 patients diagnosed with urolithiasis admitted to BPKIHS from January to December 2017 were included. The hospital medical records of patients were reviewed using a Pro forma to record the epidemiological data. The data was entered into the Microsoft Excel software and analyzed using statistical package for social studies (SPSS) software 23.0 version.

Results: The peak age group of the high burden of urolithiasis observed was 20-30 years (27.1%) with the mean age plus standard deviation of the patients being 39.60±15.67 years. Among them, 54% were male and 46% were female with a ratio of 1.17:1. The most common site of urolithiasis was the ureter (44.1%) and kidney (39.3%). 11% of patients had stones on more than one site.

Conclusions: It is concluded that the highest prevalence of urolithiasis is in the age group 20-30 years with male predominance and the common site being ureter. Further studies are needed as other factors affecting this disease are yet to be studied.



Urolithiasis, Calcium oxalate, Cysteine, Uric acid, Prevalence

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