DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20220677

Are socio-economic characteristics and maternal dietary patterns dominant factors on four-star diet achievement of infants and young children (6-23 months)?

Kyaw Thiha, Tin Aung Cho, Aung Lwin

Abstract


Background: Nutritional deficiency is one of the challenging issues in developing countries, especially in infants and young children and maternal dietary diversity has influencing effects on children’s complementary feeding. This study aimed to assess the influence of socio-economic characteristics and dietary patterns of mothers on four-star diet achievement of infants and young children in 3 townships in Magway region as well as perceived barriers of mothers on complementary feeding practices of infants and young children.

Methods: It was a cross-sectional descriptive study and mixed-method research. A total of 224 mothers were interrogated by pre-structured questionnaires. Moreover, in-depth interviews were done in 24 mothers.

Results: Education level of mothers and age of the children were observed as strong predictors on children’s four-star diet achievement. In qualitative data analysis, misperceptions and lay beliefs of mothers on breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices of the children, adversities of mothers who worked outside of their home, influence of elder people in the family were identified as perceived barriers.

Conclusions: This study is expected to facilitate policy makers with relevant findings and highlight that factors involved in improving the nutritional status of the infants and children.


Keywords


Infants and young children, Maternal dietary diversity, Four-star diet, Perceived barriers

Full Text:

PDF

References


WHO. Fact sheet: Infant and young child feeding, 2018. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/infant-and-young-child-feeding. Accessed on 15 May 2019.

Session S, Lanka S. Strategic action plan to reduce the double burden of malnutrition in the South-East Asia Region 2016-2025. 2016.

Global Nutrition Report. Fact sheet: Asia nutrition profile, 2018. Available at: https://globalnutritionreport.org/resources/nutrition-profiles/asia/. Accessed on 15 May 2019.

Ministry of Health and Sports. Myanmar demographic and health survey; 2017.

Dewey KG, Vitta BS. Strategies for ensuring adequate nutrient intake for infants and young children during the period of complementary feeding. Washingt Alive Thrive. 2013.

Nutritional Talk. Fact sheet: Planning a 4 star diet (the new balanced diet technique), 2013. Available at: https://nwg-works.blogspot.com/2013/03/planning-4-star-diet-new-balanced-diet.html. Accessed on 10 December 2019.

WHO. Global strategy for infant and young child feeding. Fifthy-fourth world Heal Assem, 2001. Available at: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665. Accessed on 23 December 2021.

Hu FB. Dietary pattern analysis: A new direction in nutritional epidemiology. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2002;13(1):3-9.

Nguyen PH, Avula R, Ruel MT, Saha KK, Ali D, Tran LM, et al. Maternal and child dietary diversity are associated in Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Ethiopia. J Nutr. 2013;143(7):1176-83.

USAID’S infant and young child nutrition project. Maternal dietary diversity and the implications for children’s diets in the context of food security. 2012.

Tebeje NB, Biks GA, Abebe SM, Yesuf ME. Parent’s food preference and its implication for child malnutrition in Dabat health and demographic surveillance system; Community-based survey using multinomial logistic regression model: North West Ethiopia; December 2017. BMC Pediatr. 2019;19:304.

Robinson S, Marriott L, Poole J, Crozier S, Borland S, Lawrence W, et al. Dietary patterns in infancy: The importance of maternal and family influences on feeding practice. Br J Nutr. 2007;98(5):1029-37.

De G, Eas ESC, Trabajo D. 2013 ACC/AHA guideline on the treatment of blood cholesterol to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk in adults: A report of the American college of cardiology/American heart association task force on practice guidelines. Cons Salubr Gen. 2014.

Mekonnen N, Asfaw S, Mamo A, Mulu Y, Fentahun N. Barriers and facilitators of child-feeding practice in a small sample of individuals from Gozamin District, Northwest of Ethiopia: a qualitative study. BMC Nutr. 2018;4:25.

Nankumbi J, Muliira JK. Barriers to infant and child-feeding practices: a qualitative study of primary caregivers in rural Uganda. J Health Popul Nutr. 2015;33(1):106-16.

Food and Agricultural organization of the United Nations, USAID’s Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance III Project (FANTA). Minimum Deitary Diversity for Women, 2016. Available at: https://www.fao.org/3/i5486e/i5486e.pdf. Accessed on 23 December 2021.

Ministry of Health and Sports. IMAM Manual. IMAM; 2017.

Slideshare. Fact sheet: Country overview: Myanmar, 2012. Available at: https://www.slideshare.net/ noumfone/myanmar-intro-by-frost. Accessed on 12 December, 2019.

Bosha T, Lambert C, Riedel S, Melesse A, Biesalski HK. Dietary diversity and anthropometric status of mother-child pairs from enset (False banana) staple areas: A panel evidence from southern Ethiopia. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(12):2170.

Ireland’s Health Services. Fact sheet: What to eat while breastfeeding, 2018. Available at: https://www2.hse.ie/wellbeing/child-health/what-to-eat-while-breastfeeding.html. Accessed on 4 October 2020.

Dhami MV, Ogbo FA, Osuagwu UL, Agho KE. Prevalence and factors associated with complementary feeding practices among children aged 6-23 months in India: a regional analysis. BMC Public Health. 2019;19(1).