Comparative study of the prevalence of depression between the XI and XII class students of medical stream from urban schools of Punjab
Keywords:Adolescent, Academic, Depression, Performance, Urban Schools
Background: Adolescence is considered a stressful period due to physical, psychological, sexual changes and is also influenced by maturity. Purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of depression among XIth and XIIth class students of medical stream in urban schools of Ludhiana, Punjab.
Methods: Present study was Cross-sectional study, conducted in in students, studying in urban schools of Jamalpur area of Ludhiana city. The investigator personally visited all the seven schools and went to both the class XI and XII and administered the study tool to each student of medical stream.
Results: 253 students from medical stream of 11th and 12th class were considered for present study. Almost equal number of students in medical stream were studying in class XI and class XII, with slight over-representation (52.9%) of students in class XI. Majority (71.1%) of the students were females, and about half of the total students were of 16 years of age. Out of total students 84.6% students were suffering from depression with 17.8% having severe depression. Out of 134 students in Class XIth 81.3% had depression while 88.2% of 119 students in class XIIth were depressed, difference was not statistically significant. As the age increases the severity of depression in students also increases. At 15 years of age students suffering from moderate to severe depression is 31% whereas at 18 years of age 57% students were suffering from moderate to severe type of depression. There was a significant difference of prevalence of depression in between males and females, with females (89.4%) outnumbering males (72.6%).
Conclusions: The overall prevalence of depression in our study was 84.6% and it is a prudent reminder of the extreme pressure the adolescent face in this particular age. Compared to other studies the percentage is alarmingly high.
Casey B, Jones RM, Levita L, Libby V, Pattwell S, Ruberry E, et al. The storm and stress of adolescence: insights from human imaging and mouse genetics. Dev Psychobiol. 2010;52(3):225–35.
Brooks TL, Harris SK, Thrall JS, Woods ER. Association of adolescent risk behaviors with mental health symptoms in high school students. J Adolesc Health Off Publ Soc Adolesc Med. 2002;31(3):240-6.
Gregory AM, Caspi A, Moffitt TE, Koenen K, Eley TC, Poulton R. Juvenile mental health histories of adults with anxiety disorders. Am J Psychiatry. 2007;164(2):301-8.
Renouf AG, Kovacs M, Mukerji P. Relationship of depressive, conduct, and comorbid disorders and social functioning in childhood. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1997;36(7):998-1004.
Hindustan times. Every hour, one student commits suicide in Indi. Available at http://www.hindustantimes.com/. 2017. Accessed on 12 January 2021.
Lamba R, Kumar S, Rana R. A study of pattern of psychogenic morbidity and associated biosocial factors in school going adolescent girls. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3(12):3493-7.
Trivedi D, Dhakappa N, Ghildiyal P, Deekonda S, Subramaniam S, Iyer JS, et al. Depression among adolescent students in South India: how serious is the issue? Indian J Psychiatry. 2016;58(3):349-50.
Ranney ML, Walton M, Whiteside L, Epstein-Ngo Q, Patton R, Chermack S, et al. Correlates of depressive symptoms among at-risk youth presenting to the emergency department. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2013;35(5):537-44
Bansal PD, Barman R. Psychopathology of school going children in the age group of 10-15 years. Int J Appl Basic Med Res. 2011;1(1):43.
Ahmad A, Khalique N, Khan Z, Amir A. Prevalence of psychosocial problems among school going male adolescents. Indian J Community Med. 2007;32(3):219.
Verma N, Jain M, Roy P. Assessment of magnitude and grades of depression among adolescents in Raipur City, India. Int Res J Med Sci. 2014;2:10-3.
Saluja G, Iachan R, Scheidt P, Overpeck M, Sun W, Giedd J. Prevalence of and risk factors for depressive symptoms among young adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004;158:760-5.
Kumar R, Singh K, Preeti B. Study of depression, anxiety and stress among school going adolescents. Indian J Psy Socl Work. 2017; 8:6-9.
Bhasin SK, Sharma R, Saini NK. Depression, anxiety and stress among adolescent students belonging to affluent families: a school-based study. Indian J Pediatr. 2010;77(2):161-5.
Urmila KV, Usha K, Mohammed MTP, Pavithran K. Prevalence and risk factors associated with depression among higher secondary school students residing in a boarding school of North Kerala, India. Int J Contemp Pediatr. 2017;4(3):735-40.
Dhoundiyal M, Venkatesh R. The psychological world of adolescence: A comparative evaluation between rural and urban girls. Indian J Psychol Med. 2009;31(1):35.
Chauhan S, Nayak H, Lal P. Prevalence of depression among school children aged 15 years and above in a public school in Noida, Uttar Pradesh. J Acad Ind Res JAIR. 2014;3(6):269.