Assessment of oral health status and treatment needs among TSRTC employees in Hyderabad City, Telangana, India
Keywords:Education, Oral health status, Occupation, Periodontal health
Background: The trend in all countries is industrialization; it leads to many occupational health problems and diseases among transport workers. The workers may be exposed to hazardous environment which affect the general as well as oral health because of the relative lesser importance given to it. The use of products related to tobacco and poor oral hygiene practices adds to the oral disease burden among this population.
Methods: The study population consisted of 404 people, and oral health was examined using the World Health Organization (WHO) Oral Health Assessment form from 1997. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0 was used to analyze the data. The Chi-square test, t-test, and Analysis of Variance were used to compare study population proportions and mean scores (ANOVA).
Results: The number of sextants influenced by CPI and LOA was found to be considerably larger (p=0.005) among guys who had completed high school education. Buccal mucosa showed ulcerations and leukoplakia from oral mucosal ulcers. Males aged 46-60 years old had significantly higher mean DMFT scores (3.31±4.44; 2.11±3.33 respectively) than females aged 46-60 years old (p=0.005). Overall, male workers aged 30-45 years old with a high school degree were shown to have a higher risk of acquiring oral health problems and requiring treatment.
Conclusions: According to the findings, TSRTC personnel aged 30-45, males with a primary school education, had poor oral mucosal health and periodontal status. Workers with a high school education have a higher prevalence of dental caries and unmet dental care needs. As a result, there is an urgent need to focus on these high-risk groups.
Park K. Environment and health. In: Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine. Jabalpur: M/s Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers (India). 2007:566-68.
Sharda AJ, Shetty SS. Relationship of periodontal status and dental caries status with oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior among professional students in India. Int J Oral Sci. 2009;1:196-206.
Reddy CS, Reddy CVK. Oral health status and treatment needs of Karnataka Road Transport Corporation Drivers and Employees in Mysore division. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent. 2010;16:221-27.
Naveen N, Reddy CVK. Oral health status and treatment needs of police personnel in Mysore city, Karnataka. Streamdent. 2010;1:156-60.
Sood M, Bhaggana A, Bhaggana V, Sharma N. Occupational dental wear among ceramic factory workers: an observational study. J Indian Dent Assoc. 2011;5:472-3.
Schour I, Sarnat BG. Oral manifestations of occupational origin. J Am Med Assoc. 1942;120:1197-207.
Ganesh A, Ramkumar S, Rajkumar M, Bhavyaa R, Ramkumar L, Balaji SK. Oral health-related knowledge, attitude, and practices among auto drivers in South Chennai. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent. 2017;15:392-4.
John JR, Kesavan P, Sridharan P, Rajendra G. Evaluation of oral health status among road transport workers erode district Tamilnadu. J Comm Dent. 2016;10(2)35-9.
Shizukuishi S, Hayashi N, Tamagawa H, Hanioka T, Maruyama S, Takeshita T, et al. Life style and periodontal health status of Japanese Factory workers. Ann Periodontol. 1998;3:303-11.
Ramesh N, Sudhanshu S, Sharda A, Asawa K, Tak M, Batra M, et al. Assessment of the periodontal status among kota stone workers in Jhalawar, India. J Clin Diagn Res. 2013;7:1498-1503.
Bhatt B, Seema MS. Occupational health hazards: a study of bus drivers. J Health Manag. 2012;14(2):201-6.
Sudhanshu S, Pankaj A, Sorabh J, Nidhi S. Dental diseases of acid factory workers globally-narrative review article. Iran J Public Health. 2014;43:1-5.
Dhar RL. Quality of work life: a study of municipal corporation bus drivers. Int J Ind Cul Business Manag. 2009;2(6):638-53.
Soni A, Singh V, Savi GR, Yadav O, Khan M, Agrawal M. Oral health related knowledge, attitude and practice among bus conductors and drivers in Jaipur District. Int J Dent Med Res. 2014;1(4):25-9.
Shalini P, Niramathi K, Ranjith K, Preetha C, Indra PV, Nijesh JE. Dental cares experience among tobacco consuming truck drivers in north chennai,Iindia. Int J Dent Res. 2017;7(1):1-8.
Oral health survey basic methods. World health organization, Geneva. 4th ed. Delhi: AITBS Publishers and Distributions; 1997.
Patel F, Shourie V, Muglikar S. A cross-sectional study assessing the relation between stress and chronic periodontitis in state transport employees in the city of Pune. Univ Res J Dent. 2015;5:14-8.
Zinser V, Irigoyen ME, Rivera G, Maupomé G, Sánchez-Pérez L, Velázquez C. Cigarette smoking and dental caries among professional truck drivers in Mexico. Caries Res. 2008;42(4):255-62.
Gambhir RS, Nirola A, Singh J, Sekhon T, Anand S. Periodontal health status of transport workers of a union territory in India: A cross-sectional study. J Indian Soc Periodontol. 2015;19:312-6.
Shetty P, Khargekar NC, Debnath A, Khargekar NR, Srivastava BK, Hakeem N. Determinants of tobacco use and prevalence of oral precancerous lesions in cab drivers in Bengaluru city, India. Int J Prev Med. 2017;8:100.
Zaitsu T, Kanazawa T, Shizuma Y, Oshiro A, Takehara S, Ueno M, Kawaguchi Y. Relationships between occupational and behavioral parameters and oral health status. Ind Health. 2017;55(4):381-90.
Sohi R, Bansal V, Veeresha KL, Gambhir R. Assessment of oral health status and treatment needs of police personnel of Haryana, India. Internet J Epidemiol. 2010;7:1-8.
Srikandi TW, Clarke NG. Periodontal status in a south Australian industrial population. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1982;10:272-5.
Kawamura M, Iwamoto T. Present state of dental health knowledge, attitudes/behavior and perceived oral health of Japanese employees. Int Dent J. 1999;49:173-81.
Ahmed SI, Sudhir KM, Reddy VC, Kumar RV, Srinivasulu G, Deepthi A. Impact of sense of coherence on oral health among bus drivers: A cross-sectional study. J Int Soc Prevent Communit Dent. 2018;8:145-52.
Sanadhya S, Nagarajappa R, Sharda AJ, Asawa K, Tak M, Batra M, et al. The oral health status and the treatment needs of salt workers at sambhar lake, Jaipur, India. J Clin Diagn Res. 2013;7:1782-6.
Chandra MK, Jayakumar HL, Vanishree N. Oral health status and treatment needs among Bank employees in Bangalore city, India. An epidemiological study. J Indian Asso Public Health Dentistry. 2009;14:169-75.
Singh M, Ingle NA, Kaur N, Yadav P, Ingle E, Charania Z. Dental caries status and oral hygiene practices of lock factory workers in Aligarh City. J Int Oral Health. 2015;7(6):57-60.
Sohi R, Bansal V, Veeresha KL, Gambhir R. Assessment of oral health status and treatment needs of police personnel of Haryana, India. Internet J Epidemiol. 2010;8:1-8.
Akrad TZ, Beltollahi JM, Khajetorab AA. DMFT (Decayed, Missing, Filled Teeth) oral health index in sweets and cable workers. Iranian J Publ Health. 2006;35(2):64-8.
Peterson PE. Dental health among workers at a Danish chocolate factory. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1983;11(6):337-41.
Paulander J, Axelsson P, Lindhe J. Association between level of education and oral health status in 35-, 50-, 65- and 75-year olds. J Clin Periodontol. 2003;30:697-704.
Craig RG, Boylan R, Yip J. Prevalence and risk indicators for destructive periodontal diseases in 3 urban American minority populations. J Clin Periodontol. 2001;28:524-35.
Irie K, Yamazaki T, Yoshii S, Takeyama H, Shimazaki Y. Is there an occupational status gradient in the development of periodontal disease in Japanese workers? A 5-year prospective cohort study. J Epidemiol. 2017;27(2):69-74.