Published: 2022-01-28

Causes of post treatment apical periodontitis

Mohammad Khaled Aljifan, Ali Mohammed Al Rowaily, Haitham Abdullah Alzahrani, Khalid Mirae Al Qahtani, Saeed Mohammad Bahattab, Turki Mohammed Bin Eshaq, Mohammed Ali Alqahtani, Manar Ali Alhomood, Zamil Abdullah Alomar, Taher Ahmed Sultan, Ayman Olian Alsubhi


Endodontic treatment approaches aim to achieve proper treatment and prevention of apical periodontitis to enhance the oral health status and enhance the prognosis of affected teeth. However, many complications can develop secondary to endodontic treatment. The management of post-treatment apical periodontitis might be challenging to clinicians, and the prognosis is usually lower than that of primary apical periodontitis. Therefore, identifying the potential etiology and intervening against them might be ideal for these cases. The present literature review discusses the commonest causes reported in the literature to predispose to the development of post-treatment apical periodontitis. Most of the various investigations in the literature indicate that post-treatment apical periodontitis is usually caused by either extraradicular or intraradicular infections, like primary apical periodontitis. However, it should be noted that some studies also reported that technical or procedural errors might predispose to the pathogenesis of the condition. However, it has been reported that the presence of associated bacterial infection conditions this.


Periodontitis, Post-treatment complications, Endodontic, Etiology

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