DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20220680

The effect of tooth brushing before and after eating on salivary pH of elementary school students

Siti Sulastri, Suharjono ., Herastuti Sulistyani

Abstract


Background: According to studies in Asian countries, including Indonesia, 80-90% of children under the age of 18 are affected by dental caries. Dental caries is caused by factors: food, bacteria, teeth and saliva. The state of saliva that is acidic, at a pH of 5.5 will result dental caries. To overcome the overly acidic condition, brushing teeth right after eating and before sleeping is necessary. Brushing teeth properly and correctly can increase salivary pH and it help the remineralization process of small lesions in the enamel layer.

Methods: This research was conducted using pre-test and post-test quasi-experimental with control group design. The sample is all students of Nglahar public elementary school, Sumbersari, Moyudan, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, with a total of 85 students using total sampling technique. The data was collected with examine the effect of brushing teeth before and after eating on the salivary pH.

Results: The elementary school students’ salivary pH was 7.59 (alkaline) when the students brushed their teeth before eating, whereas tooth brushing within 20 minutes after eating resulted in elementary school students’ salivary pH of 7.82 (alkaline). This showed that brushing the teeth 20 minutes after eating can return salivary pH as before eating.

Conclusions: Brushing teeth 20 minutes after eating can increase the salivary pH as a before eating.


Keywords


Tooth brushing, Salivary pH, Elementary school student

Full Text:

PDF

References


Praptiningsih RS, Ningtyas EAE. Pengaruh metode menggosok gigi sebelum makan terhadap kuantitas bakteri dan pH saliva. J Ilmiah Sultan Agung. 2010;48:123:55-62.

Utami NK. Indeks DMF T pada Murid-Murid Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (MI) Muhammadiyah Martapura. Dentino Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi. 2010;2(1):1.

Maqassary AA. Gambaran Konsumsi Yogurt Terhadap Waktu Peningkatan pH Saliva. 2015.

Herjulianti NN, Dan Putri E. Ilmu Pencegahan Penyakit Jaringan Keras dan Jaringan Pendukung gigi. Buku Kedokteran EGC Jakarta. 2011.

Sarika S, Yeluri R, Jain AA, Munshi AK. Effect of toothbrush grip on plaque removal during manual toothbrushing in children. J Oral Sci. 2012;2(54):187.

Sriyono N. Pengantar Ilmu Kedokteran Gigi Pencegahan.Yogyakarta: Medika Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi UGM. 2009.

Oktarianda B. Hubungan waktu, tekhnik menggosok gigi dan jenis makanan yang dikonsumsi dengan kejadian karies gigi pada murid SDN 66 Payakumbuh di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Lampasi Payakumbuh tahun 2011 Padang: FK Universitas Andalas. 2011;4.

Kusumasari N. Pengaruh Larutan Kumur Ekstrak Siwak (Salvadora persica) terhadap pH Saliva. Karya Tulis Ilmiah Program Stusi Pendidikan Sarjana Kedokteran Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang. 2012.

Notoatmodjo S. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan, Rinekacipta, Jakarta. 2010.

Riwidikdo H. Statistik Kesehatan, Rohima Press, Yogyakarta. 2013.

Lara-Carrillo E, Montiel-Bastida N, Sanchez L et al. Effect of Orthodontic Treatment on Saliva, Plaque, and The Levels of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2010;15 (6):e924-9.

Suwelo IS. Karies Gigi Pada Anak Dengan Berbagai Faktor Etiologi Kajian pada anak usia prasekolah. Edition 1, Jakarta EGC. 1992.

Diana S, Rinna ES, Indeswati D. Peranan Sorbitol dalam mempertahankan kestabilan pH saliva pada proses pencegahan karies. Dental J Majalah kedokteran gigi. 2006;38(1):25-8.

Maldupa I, Anda B, Inga R, Anna M. Evidence Base Toothpaste Classification According to Certain Characteristics of Their Chemical Compotition. Baltic Dental Maxillofacial J. 2012;14(1):13-9.

Strassler HE. Toothpaste Ingredients Make Difference: Patient-Specific Recommendations. Benco Dental Supervised Study Course. Available at: http://d3e9u3gw8odyw8.cloudfront.net/toothpaste_ingredients.pdf. Accessed on December 8, 2013.

Santi C, Sri R, Cut RR. Pengaruh Bahan Anti Karies Berupa Tanaman Herbal Yang Dikombinasikan Dengan Pasta Gigi Yang Mengandung Fluoride Terhadap Pertumbuhan Streptococcus mutans Secara in vitro. DENTIKA. 2010;15(2):136.42.

Linardi AN. Perbedaan pH Saliva Antara Pengguna Pasta Gigi Yang Mengandung Baking Soda Dan Pengguna Pasta Gigi Yang mengandung Fluor. 2014. Repository. unhas. ac. Available at: id/bitstream/handle/123456789/11858/alicia%20fix.pdf? Accessed on December 8, 2021.

Setia R, Handajani J. Mengkonsumsi Minuman Beralkohol Dapat Menurunkan Derajat Keasaman dan Volume Saliva. Dentika. 2010;15(1):16-8.

Yustika AD. Pasta Gigi Detergen dan Non Detergen Terhadap pH Saliva Anak Usia 10-12 Tahun. J Int Soc Rev Community Dent. 2016;4:96-102.

Jannah M, Hidayati A. Perbedaan pH Saliva antara Berkumur dan Tanpa Berkumur Air Putih Setelah Mengunyah Makanan Berkarbohidrat Sederhana. Andalas Dental J Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Andalas, Indonesia. 2019;6(1):67-77.

A’yun Q, Hendrartini J, Al Supartinah. Pengaruh keadaan rongga mulut, perilaku ibu, dan lingkungan terhadap risiko karies pada anak. Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia. 2016;2:2

Wirawan E, Puspita S. Hubungan pH Saliva dan Kemampuan Buffer dengan DMF-T dan def-t pada Periode Gigi Bercampur Anak Usia 6-12 Tahun. Insisiva Dental J. 2017;6:1.