Published: 2021-12-27

Association of minimum dietary diversity and minimum meal frequency with anthropometric parameters among children of 6 to 23 months of age attending immunization clinic of a tertiary care hospitals

Kinjal H. Solanki, Malangori A. Parande, Nandkumar M. Salunke, Kiran Sangwan, Muralidhar P. Tambe


Background: The age of 6–23 months is the golden period in the first 1000 days of life. Insufficient quantities, frequencies, and inadequate quality of complementary feedings have a negative effect on child health and growth, especially in the first two years of life.

Methods: A hospital based descriptive type of observational study was carried out in the immunization clinic. The source population were the mothers who had children in age group of 6-23 months brought to the clinic in the month of January 2021 comprise the “target population”. The sample size of 102 was calculated with 80% of power, confidence level of 95% and considering prevalence of MDD as 15.2%. Purposive sampling technique was employed for selection of study sample. Proportion of Minimum Meal Diversity and Minimum Meal Frequency was calculated and their association was assessed with anthropometric characteristics.

Results: Proportion of MDD was found to be 72.5% (Figure 1) whereas Proportion of MMF was found to be 87.3 %. The proportion of MDD was significantly high among the children who had minimum meal frequency. MDD and MMF were protective against the acute malnutrition among the children.

Conclusions: This study shows that consumption of a diverse diet and MMF is associated with a reduction in undernutrition among children of 6 to 23 months of age. Measures to improve the type of complementary foods given to children to meet their needs for energy and nutrients should be considered.



Minimum dietary diversity, Minimum meal frequency, Immunization clinic, Children, Anthropometric parameters

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