Etiology and risk factors of early and late onset neonatal sepsis


  • Tariq Homoud Althagafi Department of Pediatrics, Al Aziziyah Children Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Mona Abdullah Alharbi Department of Pediatrics, Dr Sulaiman Al Habib Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Ashjan Nasser Bamarhool College of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Zahra Dheya Almajed Employee Clinic, Maternity and Children Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • Leen Hani Natto Department of Pediatrics, Hera General Hospital, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Ibtihal Khalid Aljohani College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
  • Sajedh Abdulqader Albeladi College of Medicine, Shaqra University, Shaqra, Saudi Arabia
  • Amjad Talal Belal College of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  • Isa Yusuf Albanna College of Medicine, Sechenov University, Moscow, Russia
  • Khalid Hammad Alshammari College of Medicine, Shaqra University, Shaqra, Saudi Arabia
  • Albatool Mohammad Baz Emergency Medical Services, King Abdullah Medical Complex, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Hisham Ibrahim Ismail Department of Pediatrics, Al Aziziyah Children Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia



Neonatal sepsis is a systemic disease caused by bacterial organisms, viral infections, or fungus that causes hemodynamic abnormalities and other clinical symptoms resulting in severe complications and may progress into mortality. Parturition can be used to diagnose organisms caused by the premature onset of sepsis in some cases, but only after an average of three days of life. Clinical manifestations of infection may also diagnose the organisms caused by the early onset of sepsis. Late sepsis can refer to any incident of sepsis from delivery to discharge in high-risk newborns, and the majority of them have been hospitalized for a lengthy period. Late-onset Guillain-Barré syndrome infections generally refer to the infections that occur between one week and up to three months post-labor. The precise load fraction for newborn sepsis varies by context, with differing load estimations between nations with varying lead levels. With the diversity of treatments utilized, explaining the degree of obstetric palsy is crucial and complicated. When comparing birthing sepsis rates, it is critical to understand if a tiny figure represents a total birth rate or another rate, such as a hospital admission number. As stated, it is critical to evaluate if population estimates based on the numbers of neonatal sepsis episodes have been recorded. This article aims to review the literature regarding neonatal sepsis from different aspects including, the etiology, risk factors, and different types and onset of neonatal sepsis.


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How to Cite

Althagafi, T. H., Alharbi, M. A., Bamarhool, A. N., Almajed, Z. D., Natto, L. H., Aljohani, I. K., Albeladi, S. A., Belal, A. T., Albanna, I. Y., Alshammari, K. H., Baz, A. M., & Ismail, H. I. (2021). Etiology and risk factors of early and late onset neonatal sepsis. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 9(1), 486–491.



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