Prevalence and psychosocial aspects of verbal aggression among adolescents in rural block of Haryana

Ramesh Verma, Gopal Kumar, Vinod Chayal, Meenakshi Kalhan, Aman Sachdeva, Jitesh Satija, Ginni Agrawal, Alka Rani


Background: Aggression refers to behaviour which causes intentional harm to others. There are about 1.2 billion adolescents in the world today, making 16% of the world’s population. Now a day, it is a common phenomenon to find adolescents being involved in aggressive activities frequently. Various studies in India has observed that prevalence of verbal aggression varies between 50% and 70% with more aggression among male as compared to females. The studies regarding the prevalence of verbal aggression are relatively scarce in the particular study area. Hence this study was conducted with an objective to estimate the prevalence of verbal aggression among adolescents and to study the psychosocial aspects of the aggression among them.

Methods: A 29-item Buss and Perry scale interview schedule was used to estimate level of verbal aggression among school going adolescents in rural block of Haryana. Data was collected, compiled and analysed using SPSS.

Results: A total number of 480 study participants were enrolled in the study. The prevalence of verbal aggression was observed to be 48.3% in the study participants. Mean score of the verbal aggression was 16.60±3.619. History of substance abuse was significantly associated with verbal aggression (p<0.001).

Conclusions: From our study it may be concluded that verbal aggression is high among school going adolescents. Overall males were more verbally aggressive than females. Substance abuse was significantly associated with verbal aggression, while other factors like socio-economic class, age, classes were not significantly associated.


Adolescents, Haryana, Psychosocial factors, Verbal aggression

Full Text:



World Health Organization. Adolescent: health risks and solutions. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018. Available at: Accessed on 28 June 2019.

UNICEF. Adolescents Statistics- UNICEF DATA. New York: UNICEF; 2019. Available at: Accessed on 15 March 2020.

Sidhu TK, Kaur P, Sangha NK, Bansal AS. Aggression among adolescents- a cross-sectional study. Adesh Univ J Med Sci Res. 2019;1(4):21-6.

Dutt D, Pandey GK, Pal D, Hazra S, Dey TK. Magnitude, types and sex differentials of aggressive behaviour among school children in a rural area of West Bengal. Indian J Community Med. 2013;38(2):109.

Sharma M, Marimuthu P. Prevalence and psychosocial factors of aggression among youth. Indian J Psychol Med. 2014;36(1):48-53.

Garg I, Sethi S, Kishore J. The prevalence and patterns of aggression in school adolescents in a rural area of Moga District of Punjab, India. 2018;5(43):43-6.

Kumari S. A cross-sectional study of aggression among school adolescents in Karnataka, India. Indian J Youth Adolesc Health. 2018;04(04):4-9.

Datta PP, Firdoush KA. Association of aggression with sociodemographic characteristics: a cross sectional study among rural adolescents. Nat J Med Res. 2012;2(4):442-7.

Madasu S, Malhotra S, Kant S, Sagar R, Mishra AK, Mishra P, et al. Anxiety disorders among adolescents in a rural area of northern India using Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorders tool: A Community-based Study. Indian J Community Med. 2019;44:317-21.