DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20220233

Knowledge about antenatal care and warning signs in pregnancy among pregnant females of Nandpora area

Syed Najmul Ain, Shayista Gull, Mohamad Azhar Gilani

Abstract


Background: Knowledge gap about antenatal care and warning signs in pregnancy can result in adverse consequences in pregnancy and can also affect the developing foetus.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Nandpora area of Block Hazratbal in 2018. Pregnant women who came to the subcentre Nandpora for registration of pregnancy in this year were included in the study. A predesigned questionnaire was used. Information was collected about the demographic details, details of the pregnancy and the questions related to knowledge about the antenatal care and warning signs in pregnancy. Data was entered in microsoft excel 2010 and analysed using Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 23.

Results: Mean age was 33 (±4.6) years, 40% of the women were pregnant for second time and 67% were illiterate. About 73% of women were aware that at least 4 antenatal check-ups are necessary and about 84% knew that two doses of tetanus vaccine are required. About 89% of the women said that IFA tablets are necessary. About 51% of the women were aware of the bleeding per vaginum as being the warning sign in pregnancy. Fever and convulsions were reported as warning signs by about 49% of the subjects.

Conclusions: The women in our study had adequate knowledge about the antenatal care but there was low knowledge about the danger signs in pregnancy. The healthcare workers must be involved in improving the knowledge about danger signs of pregnancy by giving one to one knowledge to pregnant females at antenatal visits besides also creating awareness in the community. 


Keywords


Prenatal care, Knowledge, Pregnancy

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