Knowledge, attitude and practice pattern regarding use of masks, in an urban slum in West India


  • Shibal Bhartiya Department of Ophthalmology, Glaucoma unit Fortis Hospital, Gurugram, Haryana, India
  • Nishant Kumar Ophthalmologist and Retinal Specialist, Hinduja Hospital, Founder Trustee, Eyebetes Foundation, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Meenakshi Wadhwani Department of Ophthalmology, Chacha Nehru Bal Chikitsalya, Delhi, India



COVID-19, Knowledge and attitude towards mask acceptance, Mask use, Lockdown


Background: After almost a year of the COVID-19 pandemic, economies around the world are opening up. However, with newer, more virulent strains being reported across the globe, the efficacy of vaccines has also come into question, and regulatory authorities are emphasising once again, the importance of mask use and social distancing. The aim of the study was to understand the knowledge, attitude and practice towards wearing of masks during this pandemic.

Methods: This was a non-interventional, questionnaire based, cross sectional study conducted in urban slums in Mumbai, India. A validated questionnaire was administered to those who volunteered to be part of the study, during sero-survey in the slum area.  

Results: A total of 1342 participants were included in the study. An overwhelming 1232 (91.8%) knew that masks should cover both nose and mouth. Almost 72% claimed to wear their face masks more than 50% of the time when outside their homes, while 27.5% used them only when in crowded places. Interestingly only 3% said they did not wear masks at all. 86% subjects were of the opinion that cloth masks should be washed daily, and 5% said it should be washed once every two days. There was a significant association with the knowledge regarding proper usage and cleaning of mask, and age, gender and occupation.

Conclusions: The knowledge and attitude towards wearing and care of masks reveals that there was a significant association between proper usage and cleaning of masks and age, occupation, literacy and income.


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How to Cite

Bhartiya, S., Kumar, N., & Wadhwani, M. (2021). Knowledge, attitude and practice pattern regarding use of masks, in an urban slum in West India. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 9(1), 303–309.



Original Research Articles