Common types and presentations of pediatric rashes in the primary care


  • Hanan Mohammed Ayoub Department of Pediatrics, Al Aziziyah Children Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Nouf Nawaf Simsim College of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Hawazin Salem Alqahtani College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdulkhaliq Ibrahim Alzahrani Department of Pediatrics, Children Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia
  • Rashed Farhan Alfaifi College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Sarah Ibrahim Summan College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Aisha Abdouh Alfaqeeh College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Raghad Ali Alsufyani College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
  • Fatimah Ahmed Alamri College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Hatim Ahmed Al-Shotairy Department of Dermatology, King Fahad General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Ahmed Ibrahim Alburaidi Department of Pediatrics, Maternity and Children Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia



Pityriasis rosea, Molluscum contagiosum, Atopic dermatitis, Generalized rash, Pediatrics, Rash, Scarlet fever


Many types of rashes have been reported in the literature, and therefore, the diagnosis might be misleading because it needs adequate knowledge about clinical manifestations. Furthermore, it is well-known that, although some types of rashes might have distinct features that can lead to diagnose the underlying cases easily, these features are not always present in all of the reported cases, which might also contribute to the misdiagnosis of these conditions. The present literature review aims to report the most common types and presentations of pediatric rashes in primary care. We have discussed atopic dermatitis, molluscum contagiosum, scarlet fever, pityriasis rosea, and exanthema subitum. Establishing a proper diagnosis between the different lesions is essential before making the diagnosis and planning the management approaches. Some of these lesions are usually self-limited. However, some of them might be associated with serious complications if neglected and were not adequately treated. Besides, the prevalence of these conditions seems to be high among the pediatric population, and therefore, planning for future interventional approaches is critical for adequate management and improved general healthcare status.


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How to Cite

Ayoub, H. M., Simsim, N. N., Alqahtani, H. S., Alzahrani, A. I., Alfaifi, R. F., Summan, S. I., Alfaqeeh, A. A., Alsufyani, R. A., Alamri, F. A., Al-Shotairy, H. A., & Alburaidi, A. I. (2021). Common types and presentations of pediatric rashes in the primary care. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 8(12), 6160–6164.



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