DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20214577

Prevalence of hypertension among the rural population of Mehsana district of North Gujarat region, India

Nilesh Thakor, Pankaj B. Nimbalkar, Maulik D. Joshi

Abstract


Background:High blood pressure is considered both a disease and a risk factor, especially for cardiovascular diseases, and is one of the most serious public health problems. To find out the prevalence of hypertension among the rural population of Mehsana district of North Gujarat region, India.

Methods:This was cross sectional study and conducted in rural areas of Mehsana district of Gujarat during January 2019 to June 2019. People living rural areas were selected by stratified random sampling. They were screened for hypertension by JNC VII criteria using sphygmomanometer after written and informed consent. Data was entered in Microsoft excel and analysis was done using statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) statistical package.

Results: Out of total 602, majority 293 (48.7%) subjects had normal blood pressure with mean age of 25.28±16.62 years, 271 subjects (45.0%) had pre hypertension with mean age of 40.30±14.32 years. Out of total, 25 (4.2%) subjects had hypertension stage 1 with mean age of 45.82±11.48 years and 13 (2.2%) subjects had hypertension stage 2 with mean age of 53.77±16.02 years. Out of total 271 subjects who had pre hypertension, 150 (55.3%) were males. Hypertension stage 1 and 2 were almost equally distributed among both gender. A blood pressure category and gender difference was statically significant. Out of total 38 hypertensive subjects, 19 (50%) subjects were in the age group of 40-59 years.

Conclusions: Prevalence of hypertension among rural population was 6.4%. 


Keywords


Prevalence, Hypertension, Rural population, Systolic, Diastolic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Park K. Epidemiology of chronic non-communicable diseases and conditions. In: Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, 20th edition, Jabalpur. Bhanot Publishers. 2009;335-6.

Leeder S, Raymond S, Greenberg H, Liu H. A race against time. The challenge of cardiovascular disease in developing economies. New York: Columbia University. 2004.

Srinath Reddy K, Shah B, Varghese C, Ramadoss A. Responding to the threat of chronic diseases in India. Lancet. 2005;366:1744-9.

Gupta R. Trends in hypertension epidemiology in India. J Hum Hypertens. 2004;18:73-8.

Noncommunicable diseases country profiles. 2011. Available at: http://www.who.int/nmh/countries/ind_ en.pdf. Accessed on 10 May 2019.

Parikh S, Choksi J, Bala DV. The study of epidemiology and determinants of hypertension in urban health training center (UHTC). Gujarat Med J. 2011;66:22-7.

Hypertension control. Technical Report Series: World Health Organization; 1996. Report No.: 862. Available at: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/ 38276. Accessed on 10 May 2019.

Kearney PM, Whelton M, Reynolds K, Muntner P, Whelton PK, He J. Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data. Lancet. 2005;365:217-23.

Rodgers A, Lawes C, MacMahon S. Reducing the global burden of blood pressure related cardiovascular disease. J Hypertens. 2000;18:3-6.

Padmavati S. A meta-analysis-National Heart Institute, New Delhi. Ind Heart J. 2002;54:99-102.

Gupta R. Trends in hypertension epidemiology in India. J Human Hypertens. 2004;18:73-8.

Kapoor S, Tyagi R, Saluja K, Chaturvedi A, Kapoor AK. Emerging health threats among a primitive tribal group of Central India. J Public Health Epidemiol. 2010;2(2):13-9.

Tiwari RR. Hypertension and epidemiological factors among tribal labour population in Gujarat. Indian J Public Health. 2008;52(3):144-6.

Dubey VD. A study on blood pressure amongst industrial workers of Kanpur. J Indiana State Med Assoc. 1954;23(11):495-8.

Wasir HS, Ramachandran R, Nath LM. Prevalence of hypertension in a closed urban community. Ind Heart J. 1984;36:250-3.

Chadha SL, Gopinath N, Shekhawat S. Urban-rural differences in the prevalence of coronary heart disease and its risk factors in Delhi. Bull World Health Organ. 1997;75(1):31-8.

Gopinath N, Chadha SL, Jain P, Shekhawat S, Tandon R. An epidemiological study of obesity in adults in the urban population of Delhi. J Assoc Physicians India. 1994;42(3):212-5.

Malhotra P, Kumari S, Kumar R, Jain S, Sharma BK, Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in an un-industrialised rural population of North India. J Hum Hypertens. 1999;13(7):467-72.

Ahlawat SK, Singh MM, Kumar R, Kumari S, Sharma BK Time trends in the prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factors in Chandigarh. J Indian Med Assoc. 2002;100(9):547-52.

Deshmukh PR, Gupta SS, Dongre AR, Bharambe MS, Maliye C, Kaur S, Garg BS. Relationship of anthropometric indicators with blood pressure levels in rural Wardha. Indian J Med Res. 2006;123:657-64.

Reddy KS. Cardiovascular disease in India. Word Health Statistic Quarterly. 1993;46:101-7.