DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20214592

Mobile phone addiction among children aged 5-12 years, a hospital-based study in South Kerala

Rubina Sulaiman, Syama Shaji, Varsha Vijayakumar Sheela, Ameena Subair Raheela

Abstract


Background: The uncontrolled, inappropriate or excessive use of the mobile phone can give rise to social, behavioural and affective problems. Mobile phone addiction has emerged as a challenging public health issue. The aim of the study was to find out the proportion and associated factors of mobile phone addiction among children aged 5-12 years.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 222 children in the age group of 5-12 years. Data collection was done using a semi-structured questionnaire and outcome variable measured using the diagnostic criteria developed by Lin et al. Chi-square test and binary logistic regression was done to find out the association between exposure and outcome variables.

Results: 42.3% of children aged 5-12 years had mobile phone addiction. Factors like higher socio-economic status of the family, educated father, children with normal weight for age, presence of visual problems, headache, poor concentration and disturbed sleep were found to have statistically significant association with the mobile phone addiction. The predictor variables found on regression were higher socio-economic status, children with normal weight for age, disturbed sleep and poor concentration.

Conclusions: This study found nearly half of the children belonging to 5-12 years was addicted to mobile phones which is higher than expected and is a serious matter for the growing children. The risk factors found in the study are modifiable to an extent and hence regional and national level strategies has to be implemented in accordance with the available studies to tackle this public health problem.

 


Keywords


Addiction, Children, Kerala, Mobile phone

Full Text:

PDF

References


Mick D, Fournier S. Paradoxes of Technology: Consumer Cognizance, Emotions, and Coping Strategies. J Consumer Res. 1998;25:123-43.

Hammersley R. Dangers of banning spice and thesynthetic cannabinoid agonists. J Complications. 2010;105:373-5.

Gutiérrez J, Fonseca F, Rubio G. Cell-Phone Addiction: A Review. Front Psychiatry. 2016;7.

Nikhita CS, Jadhav PR, Ajinkya SA. Prevalence of Mobile Phone Dependence in Secondary School Adolescents. J Clin Diagn Res. 2015;9(11):6-9.

Lin YH, Chiang CL, Lin PH, Chang LR, Ko CH, Lee YH, et al. Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Smartphone Addiction. PLoS one. 2016;11:11.

Sohn S, Rees P, Wildridge B, Kalk NJ, Carter B. Prevalence of problematic smartphone usage and associated mental health outcomes amongst children and young people: a systematic review, meta-analysis and GRADE of the evidence. BMC Psychiatry. 2019;19.

Alavi SS, Ghanizadeh M, Mohammadi MR, Mohammadi KS, Jannatifard F, Sepahbodi G. The Survey of Personal and National Identity on Cell Phone Addicts and Non-Addicts. Iran J Psychiatry. 2018;13(1):15-21.

Wu J, Siu ACK. Problematic Mobile Phone Use by Hong Kong Adolescents. Front Psychol. 2020;11.

Cha SS, Seo BK. Smartphone use and smartphone addiction in middle school students in Korea: Prevalence, social networking service, and game use. Health Psychol Open. 2018;5(1).

Lee JE, Jang SI, Ju YJ, Kim W, Lee HJ, Park EC. Relationship between Mobile Phone Addiction and the Incidence of Poor and Short Sleep among Korean Adolescents: a Longitudinal Study of the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey. J Korean Med Sci. 2017;32(7):1166-72.

Dixit S, Shukla H, Bhagwat A, Bindal A, Goyal A, Zaidi AK, et al. A study to evaluate mobile phone dependence among students of a medical college and associated hospital of central India. Indian J Community Med. 2010;35(2):339-41.

Lian SL, Sun XJ, Niu GF, Yang XJ, Zhou ZK, Yang C. Mobile phone addiction and psychological distress among Chinese adolescents: The mediating role of rumination and moderating role of the capacity to be alone. J Affect Disord. 2021;279:701-10.