Published: 2021-11-24

Knowledge and attitude of antenatal women attending tertiary care hospital regarding breastfeeding

Aaliya Siddiqui, Pallavi S. Uthkarsh


Background: Breastfeeding is the most natural way of infant feeding to satisfy nutritional, metabolic and psychological needs of the baby. Breastfeeding significantly reduces the risk of death especially from diarrhoea and pneumonia in infants as compared to formula fed babies. Breastfeeding has advantage to both the baby and the mother. Early initiation of breastfeeding lowers the mother’s risk of postpartum haemorrhage and anaemia, boosts mother’s immune system and reduces the incidence of diabetes and cancer.

Methods: All women attending Jayanagar General Hospital for ante-natal checkups during study period were interviewed personally by an investigator after obtaining an informed consent. Data regarding socio-demographic details and data on knowledge, attitude of breastfeeding were collected by using a pre-tested semi- structured questionnaire.

Results: The sample of the present study comprised of 204 antenatal women of whom 89.7% belonged to age group less than or equal to 30 years. Majorities 73.5% of them were Muslims .Most of the participants 87.7% were unemployed. Almost 72.54% of the participants were multipara. Almost 42.2% of the participants were of the opinion that the duration of breastfeeding is 2 years or more. 65.7% of the participants stated that complementary feeding should be started after 6 months. Knowledge about technique of expressed breast milk was poor.

Conclusions: Multiparous women have better knowledge than primipara regarding breastfeeding. Socio demographic characteristics such as age, parity found to be significantly associated with knowledge. There is a need for counselling primi antenatal women regarding breastfeeding associated with knowledge. There is a need for counselling primi antenatal women regarding breastfeeding.



Breastfeeding, Knowledge, Attitude, Primipara, Multipara

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