DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20220687
Published: 2022-02-28

Self-care among medical professionals: a cross sectional study

Dhanya Sathiarajan, Smitha M. Chandrashekarappa, Deepak Anil, Roshna S. Robin, M. R. Narayana Murthy

Abstract


Background: High rates of burnout, moral distress, anxiety and depression and suicide tendencies are found among medical professionals who continue throughout their career. It can lead to personal crisis as well as suboptimal patient care. Self- care strategies among medical professionals can minimize harm due to these burnouts. Self care have multiple dimensions including nutrition, interpersonal relations, health responsibility, physical activity, spiritual growth, and stress management to promote and maintain emotional and physical well being. This study was aimed to assess the self-care among medical professionals in Mysuru. To assess self –care among medical professionals.

Methods: It’s a cross sectional study conducted using pretested semi structured questionnaire on self-care among 376 medical students, both undergraduates and postgraduates. Questionnaire included various domains of self care. Data was entered in Microsoft Excel and analysed using SPSS version 25 (Licensed to JSS AHER). Descriptive statistics like mean, median and interquartile range and inferential statistics like Mann-Whitney Test were used.

Results: Among 376 participants, social well-being among undergraduates were found to be better than post graduate students. No other domain had differences in the self-care scores with respect to year of study or with respect to gender.

Conclusions: Markedly decreased self-care practices among medical professionals calls for urgent attention and strategies multilayered at the individual, institutional, and national levels need to be promoted.


Keywords


Self-care, Burnout, Anxiety

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sanchez-Reilly S, Morrison LJ, Carey E, Bernacki R, O’Neill L, Kapo J, et al. Caring for oneself to care for others: physicians and their self-care. J Support Oncol. 2013;11(2):75-81.

Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Huntington JL, Lawson KL, Novotny PJ, Sloan JA, et al. Personal life events and medical student burnout: a multicenter study. Acad Med J Assoc Am Med Coll. 2006;81(4):374-84.

Greaves CJ, Campbell JL. Supporting self-care in general practice. Br J Gen Pract. 2007;57(543):814-21.

Kuhn CM, Flanagan EM. Self-care as a professional imperative: physician burnout, depression, and suicide. Can J Anaesth J Can Anesth. 2017;64(2): 158-68.

Ayala EE, Winseman JS, Johnsen RD, Mason HRC. US medical students who engage in self-care report less stress and higher quality of life. BMC Med Educ. 2018;18:45-9.

Dean K. Self-care components of lifestyles: The importance of gender, attitudes and the social situation. Soc Sci Med. 1989;29(2):137-52.

Mills J, Wand T, Fraser JA. Self-Care in Palliative Care Nursing and Medical Professionals: A Cross-Sectional Survey. J Palliat Med. 2017;20(6):625-30.

Boni RADS, Paiva CE, de Oliveira MA, Lucchetti G, Fregnani JHTG, Paiva BSR. Burnout among medical students during the first years of undergraduate school: Prevalence and associated factors. PloS One. 2018;13(3):e0191746.

Ross A, Yang L, Wehrlen L, Perez A, Farmer N, Bevans M. Nurses and health-promoting self-care: Do we practice what we preach?. J Nurs Manag. 2019;27(3):599-608.

Ross A, Touchton-Leonard K, Perez A, Wehrlen L, Kazmi N, Gibbons S. Factors That Influence Health-Promoting Self-care in Registered Nurses: Barriers and Facilitators. ANS Adv Nurs Sci. 2019;42(4):358-73.