Effectiveness of self-instructional module on knowledge regarding dietary management of iron deficiency anemia among pregnant women attending outpatient department

Authors

  • Ramesh S. Chauhan Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecological Nursing, Queen Mary’s Hospital, KGMU College of Nursing, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Rashmi P. John College of Nursing, Queen Mary’s Hospital, KGMU College of Nursing, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Suman Lata Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen Mary’s Hospital, KGMU College of Nursing, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Sujata Deo Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen Mary’s Hospital, KGMU College of Nursing, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20220229

Keywords:

Iron deficiency anaemia, Self-instructional module, Pregnant women, Antenatal OPD

Abstract

Background: Anaemia is a big health issue in the world, and iron deficiency anaemia is one of the commonest types of anaemia amongst them. The incidence rate of anaemia during pregnancy has been reported high around 40-80%. This study aimed to observe the effectiveness of self-instructional module on knowledge regarding dietary management of iron deficiency anaemia among pregnant women attending outpatient department (OPD).

Methods: The research approach was quantitative and one group pre-test – post-test control design sample size was 80 women selected by non-probability purposive sampling technique fulfilling the inclusion criteria.

Results: The researcher compared the calculated t value i.e. 6.04 with the critical value (2.00) on 0.05 level of significance (df=79). Since the calculated value lied beyond the critical value the alternative hypothesis was accepted. So there was a significant change in the pre-test and post-test knowledge score of pregnant women regarding dietary management on iron deficiency anemia.

Conclusions: The researcher concluded that the self-instructional module was helpful in improving the level of knowledge among pregnant women. Self-instructional module can be a part of antenatal clinics/OPD and we can apply this for the future studies for prevention of anemia and management of anemia among pregnant women. 

References

Kassebaum N, Jasrasaria R, Johns N, Wulf S, Chou D, Lozano R, et al. A systematic analysis of global anaemia burden between 1990 and 2010. The Lancet. 2013;381:72.

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Gopalan S, Jain V. Mudaliar and Menon’s clinical obstetrics. 10th edition. Orient Longerman Pvt. Ltd. Publication. 2005.

Benette VR, Brown LK. Myles Textbook for Midwives: With Modern Concepts of Obstetric and Neonatal Care. 13th edition. Churchill Livingstone. 2003.

King TL, Brucker MC, Kriebs JM, Fahey JO. Varneys Text book of midwifery. 4th edition. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 2005.

Jaseel MK. Study to Assess the Incidence and Level of Knowledge about Anemia among Pregnant Women-tnmgrmu.ac.in. 2021. Available at: http://www.repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/10692/1/2607 03218muhammed_jaseel.pdf. Accessed on 06 October 2021.

Joseph VM. A Study to Assess the Effect of Structured Teaching Programme on the Prevention and Management of Anemia in Pregnancy Among the Antenatal Mothers Attending Obstetric and Gynecological Outpatient Department in. Anemia in Pregnancy. 2015.

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Published

2022-01-28

How to Cite

Chauhan, R. S., John, R. P., Lata, S., & Deo, S. (2022). Effectiveness of self-instructional module on knowledge regarding dietary management of iron deficiency anemia among pregnant women attending outpatient department. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 9(2), 718–721. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20220229

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Section

Original Research Articles