Self-efficacy related to parental feeding behaviour in toddler besides social support and dependent-care agency


  • Yuli Ernawati Sub Major on Pediatric Nursing, Nursing Science Program, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University Ners Study Program, School of Health Science Wira Husada Yogyakarta
  • Toto Sudargo Nursing Science Program, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University
  • Lely Lusmilasari Lecturer at School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University



DCA, Self-efficacy, Social support, Parental behavior, Feeding, Toddler


Background: 1-3 years old children, a critical period and have not been self-sufficient, still need parents as a gatekeeper in feeding behavior, which is important to sustain growth, development and health status. Understanding of parental feeding behaviour help nurses perform nursing assessment, while this research has not been conducted commonly. This research to determine the relationship of self-efficacy, social support and dependent-care agency (DCA) with parental feeding behavior.

Methods: A descriptive analytic, cross-sectional study in 18 Posyandu/integrated health center (IHC) of toddler at depok sleman yogyakarta, throughout October 2014-January 2015. The respondents were 243 parents, obtained through consecutive sampling appropriate with inclusion and exclusion criteria. Measurements were achieved with questionnaire. The analysis with frequency analysis, Spearman, independent T test/Man Whitney, one way ANOVA/Kruskal Wallis test, and linear regression.

Results: Relationship between DCA and parental feeding behavior was obtained p-value<0.001; r=0.4. Relationship between self-efficacy and parental feeding behavior was obtained p-value<0.001; r=0.4. Relationship between social support and parental feeding behavior was obtained p-value=0.01; r=0.2. DCA, social support, and self-efficacy simultaneously are associated with parental feeding behavior with R2=0.280; p<0.05. Parents were still lack of learning on how to prepare a healthy menu, to identify equipment, or to supply food right from a variety of sources, to give awards to maintain good eating behavior of children

Conclusions: Self-efficacy is highly variable associated with parental feeding behavior besides social support and DCA. The next studies are needed to distinguish between parental feeding behavior among the groups with various nutritional status of children.


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How to Cite

Ernawati, Y., Sudargo, T., & Lusmilasari, L. (2017). Self-efficacy related to parental feeding behaviour in toddler besides social support and dependent-care agency. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 3(5), 1247–1254.



Original Research Articles