DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20214266

Prevalence and risk for overweight among employees in a leading auto-mobile industry in India

Runalika Roy, Gautham Melur Sukumar, Kowshik Kupatira

Abstract


Background: Overweight is a major risk factor for the non-communicable diseases. India is home to nearly 164 million industrial workers (2017) and yet information about prevalence and risk of overweight among them is limited. Being overweight can adversely affect a person's productivity in his workplace and increase the risk of non-communicable diseases. The objective was to assess the prevalence of overweight and association between overweight and employee age, type of work and native origin.

Methods: The longitudinal analysis was conducted using periodical medical examination (PME) data of employees from 2010-2018. Relevant data were collected. Year-wise prevalence of overweight was estimated along with specific prevalence by age, type of work and region.

Results: The mean weight of employees increased from 68.1 kgs to 72.6 kgs (2010-2018). Overweight proportion was significantly higher in non-production departments. Overweight prevalence ranged between 15-29.8% among Karnataka regions in 2010 in production employees but reached 35-55.6% by 2018. Significant association was found between overweight with type of work and region.

Conclusions: The increase in weight over time indicates the trend of overweight and weight reduction interventions are needed in workplaces to prevent the risk of NCDs.


Keywords


Occupational health, Overweight, Industry, Non-communicable diseases, NCD risk factors, Healthy work place

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References


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