DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20214040

The effects of complications, frequency of control and education level on quality of life of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients

Chotijatun Nasriyah, Amanda Marselin

Abstract


Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease with multiple aetiologies characterized by an increase in blood glucose levels exceeding normal limits. The world health organization predicts an increase in people with DM2 in Indonesia from 8.4 million to 21.3 million in 2030. Diabetes mellitus is one of the ninth main causes of decreased life expectancy, so it will greatly affect the quality of life of a person suffering from DM. Several factors that affect the quality of life of DM patients include age, gender, length of suffering, complications, education, marital status, level of compliance and occupation.

Methods: This type of research is descriptive research with total sampling and obtained a sample of 26 respondents. Measurement of quality of life using the SF-36 instrument then the results were analysed using the chi square test to see the relationship between the factors that affect the quality of life.

Results: The results obtained statistically that the complication factor (p=0.189) and the control frequency factor (p=0.596) did not significantly affect the quality of life. While the level of education statistically (p=0.006) affects the quality of life of DM patients.

Conclusions: The results of the statistical study between complication factors and the frequency of control on the quality of life of DM patients showed no significant relationship. Meanwhile, the education level factor, both statistically and clinically, showed that there was a significant relationship with the quality of life of DM patients.


Keywords


Quality of life, DM, Complication factors, Frequency of control, Education level

Full Text:

PDF

References


Perkumpulan Endokrinologi Indonesia (PERKENI), 2019. Pedoman Pengelolaan dan Pencegahan Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Dewasa di Indonesia, Jakarta : PB Perkeni

American Diabetes Association (ADA), 2021. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes, Vol. 44, Supplement 1, 2021

Alshayban D., Joseph R. 2020. Health Related Quality of Life Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study, Plos One, 15(1), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0227573

WHO. (2004). Introducing the WHOQOL Instrument. Available at http://dept. washington.edi/yqol/whoqol/.infopdf.

Faridah N., Dewintasari V., 2017. Quality of Life Analysis in Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Patients Using Monotherapy and Combination Treatment of Medicine, Indonesian J. Pharm, Vol. 28 No. 2 : 119 – 124, DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm28iss2pp119

Wahyuni Y., Nursiswati, Anna A., 2014. Kualitas Hidup berdasarkan Karekteristik Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2, Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran, Vol. 2, No. 1, April

Sari, M.R., Thobari, J.A., Andayani, T.M. (2011). Evaluasi Kualitas Hidup Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 Yang Diterapi Rawat Jalan Dengan Anti Diabetik Oral di RSUD Dr. Sardjito, Jurnal Managemen dan Pelayanan Farmasi Vol. 1 No. 1. Available at : http://jmpf.farmasi.ugm.ac.id

Putri D, Handayani S, Ekayafita Z, Lestari D., 2021. The Indonesian Version of SF-36 Questionnaire: Validity and Reliability Testing in Indonesian Healthcare Workers Who Handle Infectious Diseases, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, April-June 2021, Vol. 15, No. 2

LeMone et al. 2011. Medical surgical nursing critical thinking in client care. Pearson Education. 1(4): 170-81.

Herrera-Rangel, et al. 2014. The Influence of Peripheral Neuropathy, Gender, and Obesity on the Postural Stability of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Journal of Diabetes Research, 2014.

Permana H., 2016. Komplikasi Kronik dan Penyakit Penyerta Pada Diabetesi. Jurnal ilmiah. Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism Department of Internal Medicine Padjadjaran University Medical School. Hasan Sadikin Hospital. Bandung

Widodo Y., 2014. Pemantauan Penderita Diabetes Melitus, Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran, Vol. 3, No. 2, Edisi : Oktober 2014, hal. 55-69, Available at : https://journal.uwks.ac.id/index.php/jikw/article/download/23/23, Accessed: 31 Agustus 2021

Utami T., Karim D., Agrina, 2014. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kualitas Hidup Pasien Diabetes Melitus Dengan Ulkus Diabetik, JOM PSIK, Vol. 1; No. 2; OKTOBER 2014, Available at : https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/187007-ID-faktor-faktor-yang-mempengaruhi-kualitas.pdf, Accessed: 31 Agustus 2021

Teli M., 2017. Kualitas Hidup Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Puskesmas Kota Kupang, Jurnal Info Kesehatan, Vo. 15, No.1, Juni 2017, pp. 119-134, Available at :http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes, Accessed: 31 Agystus 2021

Pahlawati A., Nugroho S.P., 2019. Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan dan Usia dengan Kejadian Diabetes Melitus di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Palaran Kota Samarinda, Universitas Muhammadiyah KalimantanTimur, Samarinda

Gunawan M., 2018. Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Dengan Tingkat Kualitas Hidup Pasien Ulkus Diabetik di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Nogosari Boyolali, Publikasi Ilmiah, Prodi Keperawatan, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, UMS, Surakarta