DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20214279

Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections in a tertiary care centre of North India

Amarbir Singh Boparai, Jatinderpal Singh, B. K. Brar, Sukhpreet Kaur Gill

Abstract


Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STI’s) are most common notifiable infectious diseases in the world. Knowledge of prevalence of STI’s is important to implement appropriate control strategies. This study is undertaken to see any changing trends in prevalence of STI’s by comparing with previous studies.

Methods: All the patients who attended STI clinic from July 2019 to June 2020 were included in the study. Diagnosis was made on basis of history, clinical examination and laboratory investigations.

Results: The 2188 patients were seen from July 2019 to June 2020 in STI clinic. Mean age group of patients is 25-44 years. Scabies (31.6%) was the commonest STI seen in outpatient department followed by balanoposthitis (16.4), vaginal discharge (12.5%), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (11.4%), herpetic genital ulcer disease (7.9%), genital warts (5.8%), molluscum contagiosum (2.4%), syphilis (2.4%), urethral discharge (1.7%), non-herpetic genital ulcer disease (0.4%), non-gonococcal urethritis (0.4%).

Conclusions: Scabies was the most common STI reported in our study followed by balanoposthitis and vaginal/cervical discharge. Among the viral STI’s, HIV is showing alarmingly rising trends and is most common viral STI seen in the study followed by herpes simplex virus (HSV). May be there is less reporting of genital herpes simplex infection due to its self-resolution. As compared to previous studies, rising trends of fungal infections are seen which can be due to syndromic management of bacterial STI’s, rising incidence of diabetes mellitus as well as illicit use of over-the-counter broad-spectrum antibiotics given by the local practitioners.


Keywords


STI’s, India, HIV, Genital ulcer, Vaginal discharge

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