Knowledge attitude and practice regarding breast feeding mothers of Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh

Santosh Kumar Barman, Seema Barman, Ashok Kumar Patel, Navin Kumar


Background: Breastfeeding is a basic human activity, vital to infant and maternal health and it has massive economic value to households and societies. It has been proved that early initiation of breastfeeding lowers the risk of postpartum hemorrhage and anemia to the mothers, boosts their immunity and reduces the incidence of certain diseases like diabetes and cancer. In this study we assess the socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge, attitude and practice of the mothers regarding breast feeding.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. It was conducted for a period of nine month from July 2019 to March 2020 at Government Allopathic Medical College, Banda. Total 160 children in the age group of 0-6 months came at immunization clinic of pediatric OPD.

Results: Total numbers of children studied during the study period were 160 out of which 54.37% were male and 46.62% were females. Maximum number of mothers (38.75%) belong to the age group of 25-30 years followed by 21-25 years (26.87%). 38.12% of the mothers start breastfeeding within one hour, 46.87% between 1-6 hour and 60% of the mothers breastfed their babies on demand.

Conclusions: The participants had good knowledge and attitude regarding breastfeeding but there was a noticeable deficit in the use of this knowledge in the breastfeeding practices which points towards the gap in the education and counselling of women regarding breast feeding.


Attitude, Breast feeding, Knowledge, Practice, Uttar Pradesh

Full Text:



Park K. Park’s Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine. 25th edn. Jabalpur: M/s Banarsids Bhanot; 2019:582,590.

Bhutta ZA, Labbok M. Scaling up breastfeeding in developing countries. Lancet. 2011;378:378-80.

Sethi S, Jena D, Tripathy RM. A study of breast feeding practices among urban mothers attending the immunization clinic of MKCG medical college hospital Berhampur. J Community Med. 2008;4:1-9.

Infant and young child feeding. WHO. Available from: infantfeeding/9789241597494/en/index.html. Accessed on 9 August 2021

Rudrappa S, Raju HNY, Kavya MY. To study the knowledge, attitude, and practice of breastfeeding among postnatal mothers in a tertiary care center of South India. Indian J Child Health. 2020;7(3):113-6.

Children, food and nutrition. Growing well in a changing world. UNICEF. Available from; Accessed on 9 August 2021.

20 years of BPNI 1991-2011. Available from: Accessed on 9 August 2021.

National Rural Health Mission. Executive summary. Available from: lang=1&level=1&sublinkid=969&lid=49. Accessed on 9 August 2021. Last accessed on 21 September 2021.

Vijaya lakshmi P, Susheela T, Mythili D. Knowledge, attitudes, and breast feeding practices of postnatal mothers: A cross sectional survey. Int J Health Sci. 2015;9:364-74.

Vinay BS, Girish GN, Adhikari S, Hugara S. Evaluation of septic screen as a diagnostic tool for neonatal sepsis in a tertiary hospital at Mysore. Sch J App Med Sci. 2015;3(2G):1005-10.

Acharya P, Khanal V. The effect of mother’s educational status on early initiation of breastfeeding: further analysis of three consecutive Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:1069.

Talbert AW, Tsofa B, Mumbo E, Berkley JA, Mwangome M. Knowledge of, and attitudes to giving expressed breastmilk to infants in rural coastal Kenya; focus group discussions of first time mothers and their advisers. Int Breastfeed J. 2018;13(1):1-7.

Sultania P, Agrawal NR, Rani A, Dharel D, Charles R, Dudani R. Breastfeeding knowledge and behavior among women visiting a Tertiary care center in India. A cross sectional survey. Ann Glob Health. 2019;85.

Mohammed ES, Ghazawy ER, Hassan EF. Knowledge, attitude and practice of breastfeeding and weaning among mothers of children up to 2 years old in a rural area in EI‑Minia Governorate, Egypt. J Family Med Prim Care. 2014;3:136‑40.

Girish S, Ghandhimathi M. Mother’s knowledge, attitude and practice of breastfeeding. J Adv Nurs Sci Pract. 2015;2:41‑8.

Jain S, Thapar RK, Gupta RK. Complete coverage and covering completely: breastfeeding and complementary feeding: knowledge, attitude, and practices of mothers. Med J Armed Forces India. 2018;74:28‑32.

Singh J, Vishakantamurthy DG, Charan PM. Breastfeeding practices among lactating mothers: Problems and prospects in a cross‑sectional study. Int J Health Allied Sci. 2012:1:54‑8.

Singh J, Bhardwar V, Kumra A. Knowledge, attitude and practices towards exclusive breast feeding among lactatitng mothers: descripitive cross sectional study. Int J Med Dent Sci. 2018;7:1586‑93.

Jayarama S, Ramaiah R. Pre lacteal feeding practice among mothers in a rural area of Karnataka: a cross sectional study. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4:2919‑23.

Vinay BS, Sandeep M, Sridhar PV. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of breast feeding among postnatal mothers at Mandya institute of medical sciences, Mandya, India. Int J Contemp Pediatr. 2016;3:504‑8.

Randhawa A, Chaudhary N, Gill BS, Singh A, Garg V, Balgir RS. A population‑based cross‑sectional study to determine the practices of breastfeeding among the lactating mothers of Patiala city. J Fam Med Prim Care. 2019;8:3207‑13.