Published: 2021-10-27

Knowledge on mode of transmission and prevention measure of HIV and AIDS

M. Sazib Miah, G. M. Raihanul Islam, M. Anwarul Amin, M. Tuhin Akter, M. Muarraf Hossain, M. Kariul Islam, Giyasuddin Ahamad, M. Shukur Ali, M. Aynal Hoque


Background: HIV prevalence in Bangladesh is low (<1%) among the general population, even within the vulnerable population it continued to be low other than certain sections of injecting drug users.

Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in the Polly Chikitsok/rural medical practitioners in Hobiganj, Narayanganj, Rangpur and Kurigram District of Bangladesh during January 2014 to April 2014. One hundred eighty (180) Polly chikitsok/rural medical practitioners were interviewed with a semi-structured questionnaire. Purposive sampling technique was used. Statistical analysis of the results was done by using computer software SPSS version 22 with tabulation plan. The ethical committee of the department of public health, Daffodil International University of Bangladesh, approved the thesis with their signature.

Results: A total of 180 participants were interviewed, of whom 176 were males and 4 were females. 17.8 percent of the respondents are of 21-30 years of age, 37 percent respondents are 31-40 years old. 27.8 percent of the study participants were in their 41-50. Hundred percent respondents, they had ever met any HIV positive patient in the course of their occupational responsibility in the workplace. 97.8 percent respondents correctly knew blood transfusions transmit HIV/AIDS, followed by sharing needles (98.3 percent), and maternal child transmission (68.9 percent). However, more than two thirds of the respondents (77.8 percent) correctly identified HIV/AIDS preventive measures. Nearly half the sampled population (84.4 percent) did not think condoms were useful in preventing transmission of HIV.

Conclusions: In Bangladesh, the prevalence of HIV infection is growing and PC/RMPs are increasingly involved in a range of HIV prevention and care activities.


HIV, Knowledge, Practitioners, Prevention, Transmission

Full Text:



Ivers LC, Cullen KA, Freedberg KA, Block S, Coates J, Webb P, et al. HIV/AIDS, undernutrition, and food insecurity. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2009 Oct 1;49(7):1096-102.

Koenig MA, Zablotska I, Lutalo T, Nalugoda F, Wagman J, Gray R. Coerced first intercourse and reproductive health among adolescent women in Rakai, Uganda. Int Fam Plann Perspect. 2004:156-63.

Khosla N. HIV/AIDS interventions in Bangladesh: what can application of a social exclusion framework tell us? J Health Popul Nutr. 2009;27(4):587.

Helman CG. Culture, Health and Illness. Edition. London: Hodder Arnold Publication; 1984:512.

Habib SE, Amanullah ASM, Hasan K. AIDS knowledge, condom use and sexual behavior among commercial female sex workers in Bangladesh. Soc Sci Rev. 2002;17(2):147-59.

Meundi AD, Amma A, Rao A, Shetty S, Shetty AK. Cross-sectional population-based study of knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding HIV/AIDS in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka, India. J Int Assoc Phys AIDS Care. 2008;7(1):27-34.

Scambler G, Paoli F. Health work, female sex workers and HIV/AIDS: global and local dimensions of stigma and deviance as barriers to effective interventions. Soc Sci Med. 2008;66(8):1848-62.

Panda S, Bijaya L, Devi NS, Foley E, Chatterjee A, Banerjee D, et al. Interface between drug use and sex work in Manipur. Nat Med J India. 2001;14(4):209-10.

Reis C, Heisler M, Amowitz LL, Moreland RS, Mafeni JO, Anyamele C, et al. Discriminatory attitudes and practices by health workers toward patients with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. PLoS Med. 2005;2(8):e246.

Ahmed SM. Exploring health-seeking behaviour of disadvantaged populations in rural Bangladesh. Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap/Department of Public Health Sciences; 2005.

Amanullah AS, Choudury AY. Pre-intervention audience impact survey for youth and adolescents on HIV/AIDS. Dhaka: MOHFW, Save the Children-USA, MATTRA, and PIACT Bangladesh. 2005.

Haider M, Ahmed SN, Jaha NK. Bangladesh HIV/AIDS communication challenges and strategies. Bangladesh Med Res Council Bull. 2008;34(2):54-61.

Unaids, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. World Bank. Global HIV/AIDS Program. The global economic crisis and HIV prevention and treatment programmes: vulnerabilities and impact. World Health Organization; 2009.

Islam MT, Mostafa G, Bhuiya AU, Hawkes S, De Francisco A. Knowledge on, and attitude toward, HIV/AIDS among staff of an international organization in Bangladesh. J Health Popul Nutr. 2002:271-8.