DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20213809

Effect of coffee in prevention of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Anuj Gupta, Joshika Agarwal, Rajni Gupta

Abstract


Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease which is also known as metabolic associated fatty liver disease is characterized by accumulation of fat in liver without any underlying clear etiology such as chronic alcohol abuse. Our study aimed to evaluate the effect of coffee in prevention of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and its effect on various biochemicals like lipids, ESR, CRP, ferritin etc.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study in a tertiary care public sector hospital. The study was conducted among 300 patients. 150 had confirmed diagnosis of NAFLD through ultrasound abdomen and 150 had normal liver on ultrasound abdomen. Both study groups were asked to fill a predetermined questionnaire which included questions on amount of coffee and other caffeinated beverages, physical activity, and demographic data. P value of less than 0.05 was considered significant.

Results: Study compared the effect of coffee on prevention of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We found that subjects who did not drink coffee had more odds of developing NAFLD as compared to those who did. Inflammatory markers and lipid profile were found to be lower in those who drank coffee as compared to those who did not.

Conclusions: Based on multiple studies done on mice and rat at molecular level and our study, we conclude that various components present in coffee play a significant role in preventing NAFLD, liver fibrosis and even liver cancer. Coffee has also shown to have anti-inflammatory properties and lowers lipid level in blood.


Keywords


Coffee, Fatty liver, Liver fibrosis, NAFLD

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