A study to find the awareness level regarding prevention and control of sexually transmitted diseases among university students of Panjab university, Chandigarh, India
Keywords:Sexually transmitted diseases, Awareness, Prevention, Students, Unprotected sex
Background: Sexually transmitted diseases remain a significant issue among the young people. In order to implement effective preventive measures, awareness of the comorbid conditions and causation of STDs, as well as sexual behaviour, among vulnerable young people, such as university students, must be established. The objective of the study was to assess the awareness level of students regarding prevention and control of STDs.
Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted at Panjab University situated in Chandigarh, India between February and August 2020. Purposive sampling was used to recruit students. Data was collected using a pre-tested, semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire. The nature of the data was quantitative and was analyzed through SPSS version 20.
Results: A total of 211 (female/male:51.7%/48.3%, mean age: 22.5 years) respondents were enrolled. The awareness regarding the safe sex practices was very high (98.1%). 99.1% respondents were aware of HIV and AIDS, 65.4% respondents who were aware of hepatitis B and 55% respondents who were aware of Gonorrhoea and Syphilis. To prevent STDs 86.3% respondents were aware of condom, 72% respondents were aware to avoid unprotected sex and 19.9% respondents knew of abstinence.
Conclusions: Condoms awareness is still lacking in students. Consequently, it puts them at a higher risk of STDs. Such data can be used to strengthen ongoing STDs prevention efforts in India aimed at reducing STDs in young adults.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). March 2019. Available at: https://www.healthline.com/health/ sexually-transmitted-diseases. Accessed on 21August 2020.
De Schryver A, Meheus A. Epidemiology of sexually transmitted diseases: the global picture. Bull World Health Organ. 1990;68(5):639-54.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Statistics and Epidemiological Profile of India, Diseases in India, Medindia, 2017. Available at: https://www.medindia. net/health_statistics/diseases/sexually-transmitted-diseases-india-statistics.asp. Accessed on 17 August 2020.
National family health survey (NFHS-4), Ministry of health and family welfare, India, 2015-16. Available at: http://rchiips.org/nfhs/NFHS-4Reports/India.pdf. Accessed on 17 August 2020.
Mukherjee A, Gopalakrishnan R, Thangadurai P, Kuruvilla A, Jacob KS. Knowledge and attitudes toward sexual health and common sexual practices among college students: A survey from Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. Indian J Psychol Med. 2019; 41:348-56.
Chihurumnanya A, Lawrence UO, Benedict NA, Uche D, Nnenna ALO. Premarital sex, safer sex and factors influencing premarital sex practices among senior secondary school students in Ebonyi local government area of Ebonyi State Nigeria. J Commu Med Public Health Care. 2016;3:12.
Oluyemi J A, Yinusa M A, Abdullateef R, Sunday A, Kehinde K. Knowledge of Sexually Transmitted Diseases among Secondary School Adolescents in Asa Local Government Area of Kwara State Nigeria. Afr J. 2015;19(1):1027-32.