DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20213766

The rule of health education on the prospective grooms’ and brides’ awareness in Tarakan city

M. Aris, Harris ., Anto J. Hadi

Abstract


Background: This study was intended to assess the influence of the exclusive breastfeeding module on the awareness of prospective brides in Tarakan city.

Methods: The quantitative approach with pretest and posttest was chosen as research method. The research subjects were prospective brides who were undergoing prenuptial guidance at the Ministry of Religion office in Tarakan city with a sample size of respondents (n=100). Before the module was developed, a survey was conducted as a research draft. The module is created in narrative form and is corrected by experts prior to testing. The exclusive breastfeeding module was spread after the pretest was carried out to measure the awareness of the prospective brides on exclusive breastfeeding. Data analysis was done with t test.

Results: Characteristics of the male respondents in the reading exclusive breastfeeding module group were generally aged 25-30 years (52%) and the group listening to the lectures were generally aged 20-24 years and 25-30 years (32% and 32%). Meanwhile, the female respondents in the reading module group and the listening group were generally 25-29 years (40%) and 20-24 years (56%). Male respondents in the reading exclusive breastfeeding module group and the listening to lectures group were generally self-employed (76% and 88%). The male respondents’ awareness in the reading module group and listening to lectures group was statistically all significant with a p<0.05.

Conclusions: Basically, all female respondents’ awareness in the reading module and lecture group was statistically significant with a p<0.05. Health education through reading exclusive breastfeeding modules and listening to lectures can increase the brides’ and grooms’ awareness of exclusive breastfeeding.


Keywords


Awareness, Future bride and groom, Exclusive breastfeeding module

Full Text:

PDF

References


Infant and young child feeding: model chapter for textbooks for medical students and allied health professionals. Available at: https://apps.who.int/iris/ handle/10665/44117. Accessed on 20 May 2021.

Shalaby H, Obaid RA, Alharthi RH, Barayan MM, Bagabas NS, Battarjee RM, et al. Health education role in promoting mothers’ beliefs, knowledge and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital population. Int J Community Med Public Heal. 2019;6:1853-62.

Victora CG, Bahl R, Barros AJD, França GVA, Horton S, Krasevec J, et al. Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect. Lancet. 2016;387(10017):475-90.

Abdulahi M, Fretheim A, Magnus JH. Effect of breastfeeding education and support intervention (BFESI) versus routine care on timely initiation and exclusive breastfeeding in Southwest Ethiopia: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial. BMC Pediatr. 2018;18(1):313.

Tylleskär T, Jackson D, Meda N, Engebretsen IMS, Chopra M, Diallo AH, et al. Exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in sub-Saharan Africa (PROMISE-EBF): a cluster-randomised trial. Lancet. 2011;378(9789):420-7.

Shafai T, Mustafa M, Hild T. Promotion of exclusive breastfeeding in low-income families by improving the WIC food package for breastfeeding mothers. Breastfeed Med. 2014;9(8):375-6.

Teka B, Assefa H, Haileslassie K. Prevalence and determinant factors of exclusive breastfeeding practices among mothers in Enderta woreda, Tigray, North Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. Int Breastfeed J. 2015;10(1):2.

Kementerian Kesehatan dan USAID, 2018, Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia 2017. Available at: tps://pusdatin.kemkes.go.id/resources/download/ pusdatin/profil-kesehatan-indonesia/PROFIL_KES EHATAN_2018_1.pdf. Accessed on 20 May 2021.

Roia A, Paviotti E, Ferluga V, Montico M, Monasta L, Ronfani L, et al. Promoting effective child development practices in the first year of life: does timing make a difference? BMC Pediatr. 2014;14(1):222.

Susiloretni KA, Krisnamurni S, Sunarto, Widiyanto SYD, Yazid A, Wilopo SA. The effectiveness of multilevel promotion of exclusive breastfeeding in rural Indonesia. Am J Heal Promot. 2013;28(2):e44-55.

Ericson J, Eriksson M, Hellström-Westas L, Hagberg L, Hoddinott P, Flacking R. The effectiveness of proactive telephone support provided to breastfeeding mothers of preterm infants: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Pediatr. 2013;13(1):73.

Lin H, Sun L, Lin J, He J, Deng A, Kang M, et al. Protective effect of exclusive breastfeeding against hand, foot and mouth disease. BMC Infect Dis. 2014;14(1):645.

Fau SY, Nasution Z, Hadi AJ. Faktor Predisposisi Ibu Usia Remaja Terhadap Pemberian ASI Eksklusif pada Bayi di Kecamatan Luahagundre Maniamolo Kabupaten Nias Selatan. Media Publ Promosi Kesehat Indones Indones J Heal Promot. 2019;2(3):165-73.

Lamberti LM, Zakarija-Grković I, Walker CLF, Theodoratou E, Nair H, Campbell H, et al. Breastfeeding for reducing the risk of pneumonia morbidity and mortality in children under two: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(S3):S18.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia nomor 33 tahun 2012 tentang pemberian air susu ibu eksklusif. Available at: http://hukor.kemkes.go.id/uploads/ produk_hukum/PP%20No.%2033%20ttg%20Pemberian%20ASI%20Eksklusif.pdf. Accessed on 20 May 2021.

Aris M, Muliyadi LH. Effect of Module Exclusive Breastfeeding Knowledge, Attitude and Confidence in Young Women in Tarakan. Heal Sci. 2019;8(7):1-6.

Aris M, Hadju V, Bahar B, Nyorong M. An influence of the exclusive breastfeeding education knowledge, attitude, and beliefs for the princess youth in urban and rural areas in North Kalimantan-Indonesia. Ann Trop Med Public Heal. 2018;11(2):52.

Costa MM, Diniz‐Santos DR, Santana JS, Silva LR. The impact of an educational intervention on breastfeeding. Health Educ. 2006;

Zeller CL. Effects of a breastfeeding education module on the breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes of middle school students. Ann Arbor Carlow Univ. 2014;93.

Harder T, Bergmann R, Kallischnigg G, Plagemann A. Duration of breastfeeding and risk of overweight: a meta-analysis. Am J Epidemiol. 2005;162(5):397-403.

Owen CG, Martin RM, Whincup PH, Smith GD, Cook DG. Effect of infant feeding on the risk of obesity across the life course: a quantitative review of published evidence. Pediatrics. 2005;115(5):1367-77.

Gyampoh S, Otoo GE, Aryeetey RNO. Child feeding knowledge and practices among women participating in growth monitoring and promotion in Accra, Ghana. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2014;14(1):180.

Abba AM, De Koninck M, Hamelin A-M. A qualitative study of the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding by health professionals in Niamey, Niger. Int Breastfeed J. 2010;5(1):1-7.

Coutinho SB, Lira PIC, Lima MC, Frias PG, Eickmann SH, Ashworth A. Promotion of exclusive breast-feeding at scale within routine health services: impact of breast-feeding counselling training for community health workers in Recife, Brazil. Public Health Nutr. 2014;17(4):948-55.

Barennes H, Slesak G, Goyet S, Aaron P, Srour LM. Enforcing the international code of marketing of breast-milk substitutes for better promotion of exclusive breastfeeding: Can lessons be learned? J Hum Lact. 2016;32(1):20-7.

Chola L, Fadnes LT, Engebretsen IMS, Nkonki L, Nankabirwa V, Sommerfelt H, et al. Cost-effectiveness of peer counselling for the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding in Uganda. PLoS One. 2015; 10(11):e0142718.