Published: 2021-08-27

A study on lifestyle diseases and lifestyle risk factors among known cases in women, urban field practice area Mysuru, Karnataka

Mungara Suma Bhavana, Sunil Kumar Doddaiah, N. Chandan, Derangula Lokesh, M. R. Narayanmurthy


Background: Lifestyle diseases are diseases caused by one's lifestyle. Sedentary lifestyle, inappropriate eating, alcohol, substance use disorders and tobacco use are all variables that contribute to heart disease, stroke, obesity, type 2 diabetes and hypertension (HT).

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the 329 participants in the urban field practice area of the department of community medicine, JSS medical college, Mysore, with a study duration of 6 months. A house-to-house survey was performed to recruit study participants using convenient sampling. Participants were interviewed by using the pre-designed, pre-tested and structured questionnaire which included socio-demographic profile, dietary patterns, physical activity, type of personality, history of stress, history of tobacco and alcohol consumption, family history of lifestyle diseases like HT, DM.

Results: The results show that high cholesterol, moderate-intensity work of the participants was statistically significant for blood pressure with p<0.05 whereas waist hip ratio and high cholesterol of the participants was statistically significant for CVD with p value of 0.04 (<0.05).

Conclusions: Healthy practices need to be subsidized with the aid of using the dependent periodic medical exam. There needs to be an emphasis on incorporating bodily workout withinside the day by day routine, consumption of healthful diet, and decrease/cessation of alcohol and tobacco consumption.


Lifestyle diseases, Lifestyle risk factors, Hypertension, Diabetes, NCD’s, CVD

Full Text:



United Nations. Fact sheet: Lifestyle diseases: an economic burden on the health services. Available at: Accessed on 26 June 2021.

Sochaliya KM, Parmar DV, Yadav SB. A study on prevalence of life-style diseases and its risk factors in urban area of Jamnagar City. Natl J Community Med. 2012;3(4):595-600.

Ramachandra A. High prevalence of cardio metabolic risk factors among young physicians in India. J Assoc P India. 2014;56:17-20.

Shah B, Thankappan K, Mathur P. Risk factor profile for chronic non-communicable diseases: Results of a community-based study in Kerala, India. Indian J Med Res. 2010;131:53-63.

Joy T, Paul N, Rakesh PS, Leelamoni K. High prevalence of dietary and physical activity related risk factors for non-communicable diseases among apparently healthy urban women in Kochi, Kerala, South India. Int J Commun Med Pub Health. 2017;4(4):987.

Sharma M, Majumdar P. Occupational lifestyle diseases: an emerging issue. Indian J Occupat Environment Med. 2009;13(3):109.

Gupta A, Goyal N, Jindal B, Kumar R. Study of lifestyle diseases among workers of an ammunition factory. J Marine Med Soc. 2017;19(1):43.

Yu Z. Associations between socioeconomic status and cardiovascular risk factors in an urban population in China. Bull World Health Organ. 2000;78(11):1296-305.

Sherkhane M, Chowti J, Manjrekar S. Behavioral risk factors for noncommunicable diseases in working and nonworking women of urban slums. J Midlife Health. 2014;5(3):143.

Phaswana-Mafuya N, Peltzer K, Chirinda W, Musekiwa A, Kose Z. Sociodemographic predictors of multiple non-communicable disease risk factors among older adults in South Africa. Global Health Action. 2013;6(1):20680.

Gupta N, Kumar S, Jain PK, Jaiswal K, Shukla SK, Bajpai PK. Lifestyle related risk factors for non-communicable diseases among adults of Etawah district. Indian J Comm Health. 2019;31(1):112-7.

Wing R, Jeffery R, Burton L, Thorson C, Kuller L, Folsom A. Change in waist-hip ratio with weight loss and its association with change in cardiovascular risk factors. Am J Clinic Nutr. 1992;55(6):1086-92.

Baik I, Curhan G, Rimm E, Bendich A, Willett W, Fawzi W. A prospective study of age and lifestyle factors in relation to community-acquired pneumonia in US men and women. Arch Intern Med. 2000;160(20):3082.

Taplin C, Saddichha S, Li K, Krausz M. Family history of alcohol and drug abuse, childhood trauma, and age of first drug injection. Substance Use Misuse. 2014;49(10):1311-6.

Franco O. Effects of physical activity on life expectancy with cardiovascular disease. Archiv Intern Med. 2005;165(20):2355.

Tran T, Tran T, Fisher J. Validation of the depression anxiety stress scales (DASS) 21 as a screening instrument for depression and anxiety in a rural community-based COHORT of northern Vietnamese women. BMC Psychiatry. 2013;13(1).

Minh HV, Huong DL, Giang KB. Self-reported chronic diseases and associated sociodemographic status and lifestyle risk factors among rural Vietnamese adults. Scandina J Pub Health. 2008;36(6):629-34.

Aminisani N, Stephens C, Allen J, Alpass F, Shamshirgaran SM. Socio-demographic and lifestyle factors associated with multimorbidity in New Zealand. Epidemiol Health. 2020;42:2020001.

Franco OH, deLaet C, Peeters A, Jonker J, Mackenbach J, Nusselder W. Effects of physical activity on life expectancy with cardiovascular disease. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165(20):2355-60.

Celano CM, Daunis DJ, Lokko HN, Campbell KA, Huffman JC. Anxiety disorders and cardiovascular disease. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2016;18(11).