Impact of pandemic control measures on physical activities and sedentary behaviour of medical students in Kozhikode

Ajith S. K., Alan Gangadaran, Prabin Pradeep, Pranav K. Purushothaman, Jayakrishnan Thayyil


Background: For a highly contagious disease like COVID-19, restriction of movement and public gatherings is an age-old control measure. But these measures can have some physical and psychological impact on people. This study aimed at investigating the impact of such restrictions on the physical activities (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) of students at a medical college in Kozhikode. The objective was to find out the changes in PA and SB among the medical students at government medical college, Kozhikode before and after COVID-19 restrictions.

Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted using modified WHO GPAQ questionnaire sent as google form to potential candidates through whatsapp messenger. Collected data were analysed using Microsoft excel software and statistical comparison was done using the paired t test. Quantitative data was expressed as mean and SD and qualitative data as percentage.

Results: The average BMI of the candidates was 21.1 kg/m2 and 21.7 kg/m2 pre and post COVID-19 restrictions, respectively. The PA was 1790.2 and 1445.4 MET minutes before and after the period of study. There is significant reduction in PA (p=0.033) and increment in SB (p<0.01). Weight gain was significant in females (p=0.02).

Conclusions: There was decline in the total PA and increase in SB significantly post restriction. There was also an increase in the self-reported weight and BMI of medical students. Almost half of the students made effort to change their physical activity pattern indicating their awareness of increasing SB.



COVID-19, Physical activity, Lockdown, Medical students

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