DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20212599

Gadget usage pattern and sleep quality among medical undergraduates during COVID-19 lockdown: a cross-sectional study

Manasi S. Vaidya, Sonal R. Deshpande

Abstract


Background: The afoot COVID-19 pandemic has covered approximately every edge of the world. Schools and colleges are temporarily shut leading to children being indoors. Thus, gadgets have become an inseparable part of life and govern the daily routine of an individual. The aim of the study was to assess the pattern of gadget usage and sleep quality among medical undergraduates during COVID-19 lockdown.

Methods: Present cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 149 medical undergraduates of Shri Vasantrao Naik Govt. Medical College, Yavatmal. Their gadget usage pattern and sleep quality before and during lockdown were measured using a predesigned and pretested questionnaire based on Smartphone addiction scale-short version (SAS-SV) and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), administered via the Google forms platform.

Results: 139 (93.28%) responses were completely and correctly filled. Smartphone addiction was seen in 71 (51.08%) study subjects. The mean sleep duration before and during lockdown had no significant changes. There was linear positive correlation between SAS-SV score and PSQI score, but the correlation was not statistically significant.

Conclusions: The proportion of smartphone addiction amongst medical undergraduates is significantly high and the mean sleep duration is reduced during lockdown.


Keywords


COVID-19, Lockdown, Gadget use, Sleep, Medical undergraduates

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ministry of home affairs. Government of India. Order no 40-3/2020-DM-I(A), New Delhi, 2020. Available at: https://www.mha.gov.in/sites/default/files/MHAorder%20copy.pdf. Accessed on 25 May 2021.

Dixit A, Marthoenis M, Arafat SMY, Sharma P, Kar SK. Binge watching behavior during COVID 19 pandemic: A cross-sectional, cross-national online survey. Psychiatry Res. 2020;289:113089.

Kumar VA, Chandrasekaran V, Brahadeeswari H. Prevalence of smartphone addiction and its effects on sleep quality: A cross-sectional study among medical students. Ind Psychiatry J. 2019;28(1):82-5.

Mangot AG, Murthy VS, Kshirsagar SV, Deshmukh AH, Tembe DV. Prevalence and pattern of phantom ringing and phantom vibration among medical interns and their relationship with smartphone use and perceived stress. Indian J Psychol Med. 2018;40:440-5.

Nikhita CS, Jadhav PR, Ajinkya SA. Prevalence of mobile phone dependence in secondary school adolescents. J Clin Diagn Res. 2015;9:6.

Nowreen N, Ahad F. Effect of smartphone usage on quality of sleep in medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm. 2018;8:1366-70.

Prasad S, Harshe D, Kaur N, Jangannavar S, Srivastava A, Achanta U, et al. A study of magnitude and psychological correlates of smartphone use in medical students: A pilot study with a novel telemetric approach. Indian J Psychol Med. 2018;40:468-75.

WHO. Health Topics, Addictive Behaviours, 2021. Available at: https://www.who.int/health-topics/addictive-behaviours#tab=tab_2. Accessed on 21 May 2021.

NIH. Sleep Health, 2021. Available at: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/healthtopics/educationand-awareness/sleep-health. Accessed on 21 May 2021.

Kwon M, Kim DJ, Cho H, Yang S. The smartphone addiction scale: development and validation of a short version for adolescents. PLoS One. 2013;8(12):83558.

Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF, Monk TH, Berman SR, Kupfer DJ. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index: A new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res. 1989;28:193-213.

Giri PA, Baviskar MP, Phalke DB. Study of sleep habits and sleep problems among medical students of Pravara institute of medical sciences Loni, Western Maharashtra, India. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2013;30:193.

Tamura H, Nishida T, Tsuji A, Sakakibara H. Association between Excessive Use of Mobile Phone and Insomnia and Depression among Japanese Adolescents. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14(7):701.

Cellini N, Canale N, Mioni G, Costa S. Changes in sleep pattern, sense of time, and digital media use during COVID-19 lockdown in Italy. J Sleep Res. 2020;29(4):13074.

Sethuraman AR, Rao S, Charlette L, Thatkar PV, Vincent V. Smartphone addiction among medical college students in theAndaman and Nicobar Islands. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5:4273-7.

Dharmadhikari SP, Harshe SD, Bhide PP. Prevalence and correlates of excessive smartphone use among medical students: A cross sectional study. Indian J Psychol Med. 2019;41:549-55.

Kumar VA, Chandrasekaran V, Brahadeeswari H. Prevalence of smartphone addiction and its effects on sleep quality: A cross-sectional study among medical students. Ind Psychiatry J. 2019;28:82-5.

Basu S, Garg S, Singh MM, Kohli C. Addiction-like behavior associated with mobile phone usage among medical students in Delhi. Indian J Psychol Med. 2018;40:446-51.

Youssouf S, Aribenchi SL, Salimath G. A cross-sectional study to investigate the association between excessive smartphone use and sleep disturbances among adolescents, studying at KLE Society's Raja Lakhamagouda Science Institute, Belagavi, Karnataka, India, with a view to develop an information booklet. Indian J Health Sci Biomed Res. 2019;12:237-41.

Albursan IS, Qudah MF, Dutton E, Hassan EM, Bakhiet SF, Alfnan AA, et al. National, sex and academic discipline difference in smartphone addiction: A study of students in Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Sudan. Community Ment Health J. 2019;19:1‑6.

Mok JY, Choi SW, Kim DJ, Choi JS, Lee J, Ahn H, et al. Latent class analysis on internet and smartphone addiction in college students. Neuropsych Dis Treat. 2014;10:817.

Choi SW, Kim DJ, Choi JS, Ahn H, Choi EJ, Song WY, Kim S, et al. Comparison of risk and protective factors associated with smartphone addiction and Internet addiction. J Behav Addict. 2015;4(4):308-14.

Jniene A, Errguig L, Hangouche JA, Rkain H, Aboudrar S, Ftouh M, et al. Perception of Sleep Disturbances due to Bedtime Use of Blue Light-Emitting Devices and Its Impact on Habits and Sleep Quality among Young Medical Students. Biomed Res Int. 2019;2019:7012350.

Wang PY, Chen KL, Yang SY, Lin PH. Relationship of sleep quality, smartphone dependence, and health-related behaviors in female junior college students. PLoS One. 2019;14(4):214769.

Brar TK, Kumar A, Singh KD. Extended Periods of Mobile Phone Usage Jumbles the Sleep Pattern in Medical Students. IOSR-JDMS. 2017;16(7):68-71.

Kurugodiyavar MD, Sushma HR, Godbole M, Nekar MS. Impact of smartphone use on quality of sleep among medical students. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5:101-9.