DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20212591

Investigation of a child malaria death during COVID-19 pandemic in a hamlet of Angul district, Odisha (India)

Nirupama Das

Abstract


Background: This study aimed to find out the cause of child death due to Plasmodium falciparum and associate co-morbidities in a hamlet of Garud village of central district of Odisha (India), Angul during the COVID-19 pandemic and to recommend necessary actions to prevent such unwanted death.

Methods: A retrospective investigation was conducted bases on the death audit report of a female child belonging to Garud village of Angul district. Death was reported at the district headquarters hospital, Angul. Detailed history from the starting of first symptom till death with laboratory investigations were reviewed using the malaria death audit format of NVBDCP, Odisha. Along with in-depth interview with family members, mass screening using bivalent rapid test and slide test, treatment and malaria preventive measures were undertaken in the community.

Results: During the COVID-19 pandemic, one child death was recorded due to falciparum malaria infection. Along with the child, all two family members were infected with falciparum. The family belongs to small hamlet with eight households and 39 population. All 39 populations were screened for malaria and out of these, 11 number people were found positive of  falciparum.

Conclusions: COVID-19 pandemic resulted the major societal disruption due to lockdown and shutdowns affecting routine health care which may be attributed to the death of a child even in a in a well-resource setting district of Odisha. In such pandemic situation much more attention need to be given on the traditional infectious diseases which may cause unnoticed death.


Keywords


Malaria, Death audit, P. falciparum, COVID-19

Full Text:

PDF

References


Das N. Malaria control in Angul district: case study of a district in Odisha towards elimination. Int J Sci Res Public. 2021;11(1):1-6.

Hogan AB, Jewell BL, Sherrard-Smith E, Vesga JF, Watson OJ, Whittaker C, et al. Potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria in low-income and middle-income countries: a modelling study. Lancet Glob Health. 2020;8(9):1132-41.

Weiss DJ, Bertozzi-Villa A, Rumisha SF, Amratia P, Arambepola R, Battle KE, et al. Indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on malaria intervention coverage, morbidity and mortality in Africa: a geospatial modelling analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020;21(1):59-69.

Saranath L, Irwin FC, Surapon Y, Supalap P, Nipon T, Wanchai M,et al. The impact of human reservoir of malaria at a community-level on individual malaria occurrence in a low malaria transmission setting along the Thai Myanmar border. Malaria J. 2010,9:143.

Zawawi A, Alghanmi M, Alsaady I, Gattan H, Zakai H, Couper K. The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on malaria elimination. Parasite Epidemiol Control. 2020;11:00187.

Nghochuzie NN, Olwal CO, Udoakang AJ, Amenga-Etego LN, Amambua-Ngwa A. Pausing the fight against malaria to combat the COVID-19 pandemic in Africa: is the future of malaria bleak? Frontiers Microbiol. 2020;11:1476.

Rogerson SJ, Beeson JG, Laman M, Poespoprodjo JR, William T, Simpson JA, et al. Identifying and combating the impacts of COVID-19 on malaria. BMC Med. 2020;18:239.

Talsania N, Modi K, Chaudhar P. A study of investigation report on death audit due to malaria in new civil hospital, Ahmedabad City, Gujarat, India. Healthline. 2012;3(1):26-9.

Rana RK, Kumar R, Kashyap V, Karn PK, Soren SK. An epidemiological investigation report of suspected malarial deaths in two blocks of district Garhwa, Jharkhand. Int J Med Public Health. 2019;9(1):20-3.

Francesco DG, Claudia M, Pietro L, Damiano P, Giovanni P. Malaria and COVID-19: Common and Different Findings. Trop Med Infect Dis. 2020;5(3):141.

Prat S, Desoubeaux G, Lefrancq T, Chandenier JB, Saint-Martin P. Sudden death due to cerebral malaria: a case report. J Forensic Leg Med. 2013;20(6):690-2.

National Drug Policy on Malaria 2013, Directorate of National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (Directorate of General Health Services), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, 22-Shamnath Marg, Delhi.

World malaria report 2020: 20 years of global progress and challenges. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.