Assessment of knowledge and perception of rain water harvesting among rural population of Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu

Pragadeesh Raja V., Muthukumar T., Kalaivani A.


Background: Water is a fundamental need for human being, animals and plants to live in the world for drinking and sanitation purpose. The main source of water is rain, and surface water also originates from rain only rain water harvesting is the technique of collection and storage of rain water in surface (or above the ground natural or man-made structures) or in under-ground aquifers (the under-ground water table), before it is lost as surface run-off. Objective of the study was to assess the awareness and the perception about rain water harvesting in rural population of Tamil Nadu.

Methods: A community based cross sectional Study conducted among population of residence, Sembakkam, Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu. The study duration from June 2019 to July 2019. Data collected through semi structured questionnaire from participants. Data collected was entered in Microsoft (MS) office excel and analyzed in statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) version 21.

Results: In the education status of study population, 75.5% (151) are literate and followed by 24.5% (49) were illiterate. In socioeconomic status most of them from class IV, 36.5% (73) and class III, 33% (66). 90.5% (181) are not have rainwater harvesting their houses, most of them 50.5% are answered financial issues to construct the rainwater harvesting followed by 21.5% they don’t know where to approach.

Conclusions: An increasing number of population will soon increase the demand for water consumption. Rainwater harvesting which offers a lot of benefits not just for the users, but also to the government and environment, is a suitable alternative that could minimize the anticipated water supply crisis.


Rainwater harvesting, Awareness, Conservation

Full Text:



Asmuni S, Baah R, Yusoff S, Ridzuan FNSA. Public Acceptance and Preference Towards Rainwater Harvesting in Klang Valley, Malaysia. J Emerg Econom Islamic Res. 2016;4.

United Nations Development Programme. A guide to technique of water conservation and management by UNDP, India. 2008. Available at: Accessed on 20 January 2020.

Kaur S, Purohit MK. Rainfall Statistics of India – 2015. 2016. Available at: http://hydro.imd. Accessed on 15 January 2020.

Tamil Nadu Government Gazette. Ms. No.91, Revenue and Disaster Management Department, Disaster Management Wing, D.M.III (1) Section. Available at in/extraordinary/2019/112_Ex_II_1.pdf. Accessed on 17 January 2020.

Sanidas E. Emerging Economies of East and South East Asia: Some Salient Points about Technology’s Role in Economic Development. J Emerg Econom Economic Res. 2014;2(3):1-4.

Okoye CO, Solyalı O, Akıntuğ B. Optimal sizing of storage tanks in domestic rainwater harvesting systems: A linear programming approach. Resourc Conserv Recycl. 2015;104:131-40.

Mankad A, Chong MN, Umapathi S, Sharma A. Basic Psychological Needs Influencing the Regularity of Domestic Rainwater Tank Maintenance. Water Resource Management. 2014;28(12):4059-73.

Moglia M, Gan K, Delbridge N. Exploring methods to minimize the risk of mosquitoes in rainwater harvesting systems. J Hydrol. 2016;543:324-9.