DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20211394

A study on demographic and obstetric profile, its relation with present antenatal practices and prevalence of anaemia in pregnant women attending tertiary care hospital

Nitin A. Lodha

Abstract


Background: Antenatal care is the care of a woman during pregnancy. The primary aim of antenatal care is to achieve at the end of pregnancy a healthy mother and a healthy baby. To improve maternal health, barriers which limit access to quality maternal health services must be identified and addressed at all levels of health system. Objectives were to determine demographic and obstetric factors affecting utilization of ANC service and prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women.

Methods: This is cross-sectional descriptive study carried out in tertiary care hospital, using structured questionnaire, interviews were conducted with married pregnant women age between 18-45 years, who visited ANC clinic. Total 170 pregnant women visited hospital during a period was included in study. Data was analysed using MS excel and Epi info. Chi –square test was applied.

Results: Maximum number of study subjects (42.9%) from age 23-27 years. 66.5% were Hindu, 56.5% study subjects from joint family. 14.7% were illiterate. 45.3% were primigravida, 54.7% were multigravida. 71.1% study subjects were from third trimester of pregnancy. 94.7% were taken at least one dose of Tetanus Toxoids. Iron folic acid tablets were taken by 87.6%. Prevalence of anaemia was 55.8%.

Conclusions: Majority of pregnant women came for antenatal check-up, but regularity was not seen in most of cases. The presence study has brought out no significant socio-cultural barrier like women’s literacy, socio economic class and parity of women affecting the utilization of services.


Keywords


Antenatal care, Antenatal health care services, Demographic and obstetric profile

Full Text:

PDF

References


Garg P. To study maternal mortality and complications leading to maternal death in the tertiary care centre. Int J Med Res Rev. 2016;4(3):347-352.

Ronsmans C, Graham WJ. Lancet maternal survival series steering group. Lancet. 2006;368:1189-200.

Dhoble SS, Akre CV, Kubde SS, Shanbhag SS. Ante natal care utilization and delivery services in a tertiary care hospital. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3:1449-53.

Park K. Park’s textbook of preventive and social medicine. 23rd Ed. Jabalpur. 2015:523.

Suryakantha AH. Community Medicine with recent advances. Third edition. New Delhi. 2014;562.

Bhalwar R. Text book of public health and community medicine. first edition. Pune. 2009;815

Govt. Of India. Guidelines for antenatal care and skilled attendance at birth by ANMs and LHVs: pg 3, Ministry of health and family welfare, New Delhi. 2005.

Patel BB, Gurmeet P, Sinalkar DR, Pandya KH, Mahen A, Singh N. A study on knowledge and practices of antenatal care among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at a Tertiary Care Hospital of Pune, Maharashtra. Med J DY Patil Univ. 2016;9(3):354-362.

Mumbare SS, Rege R. Ante natal care services utilization, delivery practices and factors affecting them in tribal area of North Maharashtra. Indian J Community Med. 2011;36(4):287-90.

VK Chadha. Sample size determination in health studies. NTI Bull. 2006; 42: 55-62.

Bhimani NR, Vachhani PV, Kartha GP. Utilization pattern of antenatal health care services among married women of reproductive age group in the rural area of Surendranagar district, Gujarat, India: a community based cross sectional study. Int J Res Med Sci. 2016;4(1):252-61.

Dasgupta U, Naskar S, Haldar A, Mallik S. Antenatal care utilization and social correlates Of beneficiaries: an experience from a teaching hospital of a metropolitian city. Indian Journal of maternal and child health. 2012;14(2):1-8.

Pandey S, Karki S. Socio-economic and Demographic Determinants of Antenatal Care Services Utilization in Central Nepal. International journal of MCH and AIDS. 2014;2(2):212-219.

Metgut CS, Katti SM, Mallapur MD, Wantamutte AS. Utilization Patterns of Antenatal Services Among Pregnant Women: A Longitudinal Study in Rural Area of North Karnataka. Al Ameen J Med Sci. 2009;2(1):58-62.

Bajpai RC, Shweta, Arora P, Singh GP. Assessment of Utilization of Antenatal Care Services and Their Associated Factors in Slums Of Varanasi. Indian journal of maternal and child health. 2012;14(1):3-8.

Khanam N, Athavale AV, Goyal RC, Quazi SZ, Gupta M, Muntode P. International Journal of Health Sciences & Research. 2012;2(1):75-81.

J Kishore. National health programs of India, National policies and legislations related to health.12th edition, New delhi. 2017;48.

Rajamouli J, Ravinder A, SCK Reddy, Sujatha P. Study on Prevalence of Anemia among Pregnant Women attending Antenatal Clinic at Rural Health Training Centre (RHTC) and Chalmeda Anand Rao Institute of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Karimnagar, Telangana, India. 2016;3(8):2388-2391.

Vindhya J, Nath A, Murthy GVS, Metgud C, Sheeba B, Shubhashree V et al. Prevalence and risk factors of anemia among pregnant women attending a public-sector hospital in Bangalore, South India. 2019;8(1):37-43.