DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20211204

Consumption of caffeine among University students in Ajman

Farwa Kazmi, Priyadarshini Ray, Muskaan Bhagchandani, Mohammed Khalil Mogharbel, Zubin Hassan Mubin, Shatha Al-Sharbatti

Abstract


Background: Researchers have become concerned with caffeine because of risks of addiction, as shown by latest studies. World Health Organization identify caffeine dependence as a clinical disorder. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of Caffeine Use Disorder among participants and identify determinants of Caffeine Use Disorder among participants.

Methods: Questionnaires were distributed among university students who consumed caffeinated products and were older than 18 years of age. The research was carried out in 3 universities in Ajman, UAE. The data collected was analyzed using SPSS software.

Results: It was found that the prevalence of Caffeine Use Disorder among caffeine consumers was 69%. The prevalence of Caffeine Use Disorder was significantly higher among students: who believed that their consumption had increased since joining the university (p<0.001) compared to other categories. The risk of Caffeine Use Disorder was higher among participants who consumed caffeine to: feel awake (OR=1.567, 95% CI:1.05-2.34), be more productive (OR=2.06, 95% CI:1.28-3.22), and because of peer pressure (OR=2.4, 95% CI:1.03-5.62) and who believed that their caffeine consumption had increased since joining the university (OR=3.68, 95%CI:2.49-5.44).

Conclusion: The prevalence and risk of having Caffeine Use Disorder was high among university students, hence more research should be conducted and actions should be taken to reduce the prevalence of Caffeine Use Disorder.


Keywords


Ajman, Caffeine, Caffeine use disorder, UAE

Full Text:

PDF

References


Meredith SE, Juliano LM, Hughes JR, Griffiths RR. Caffeine Use Disorder: A Comprehensive Review and Research Agenda. J Caffeine Res. 2013;3(3):114-30.

Geneva: World Health Organization. The ICD-11 International statistical classification of diseases and related health problem, 2018. Available from https://icd.who.int/browse11/l-m/en.

Jibson MD, Seyfried LS. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 2013.

Basu D, Ghosh A. Substance use and other addictive disorders in international classification of Diseases-11, and their relationship with diagnostic and statistical Manual-5 and international classification of Diseases-10. Indian J Soc Psychiatr. 2018;34(1):54-62.

ArabianBusiness.com. UAE gulps twice as much coffee as other GCC states, 2019. Available from: https://www.arabianbusiness.com/uae-gulps-twice-as-much-coffee-as-other-gcc-states-465928.html.

Devi SLS, Abilash SC, Basalingappa S. The Rationale of Caffeine Consumption and its Symptoms During Preparatory and Non-Preparatory Days: A Study Among Medical Students. Biomed Pharmacol J. 2018;11(2):1153-60.

Budney AJ, Lee DC, Juliano LM. Evaluating the Validity of Caffeine Use Disorder. Current Psychiatry Reports. 2015;17(09):1-6

Striley CLW, Griffiths RR, Cottler LB. Evaluating dependence criteria for caffeine. J Caffeine Res. 2011;1:219-25.

Ogeil RP, Barger LK, Lockley SW, O’Brien CS, Sullivan JP, Qadri S, et al. Cross-sectional analysis of sleep-promoting and wake-promoting drug use on health, fatigue-related error, and near-crashes in police officers. BMJ Open. British Medical Journal Publishing Group. 2018.

Mcilvain GE, Noland MP, Bickel R. Caffeine Consumption Patterns and Beliefs of College Freshmen. American J Health Education. 2011;42(4):235-44.

Šabić L, Mujanović A. Smoking and Caffeine Consumption as Stress Coping Mechanisms in Medical Students. IFMBE Proceedings CMBEBIH 2019;681-6.

Saadeh R. Caffeinated Beverages Consumption Habits and Use among Medical Students in North Jordan. Jordan Medic J. 2019;53(1):1-6.